UPSC Prelims Syllabus

The Preliminary Examination for Civil Services Examination of Union Public Service Commission  is also popularly called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The CSAT is actually the second paper of General Studies that was introduced in 2011.

The preliminary examination of UPSC is for screening purpose only. The marks obtained in the UPSC prelims examination amount to a qualification to take the UPSC Main examination and will not be counted for determining a candidate's final order of merit.

The UPSC conducts the Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination to shortlist the candidates for various forces such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo‐Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). 

The selection will be made through written examination comprises of two papers – General Ability and Intelligence and General Studies, Essay and Comprehension. 

Paper-I: General Ability and Intelligence (250 Marks)

1. General Mental Ability:

The questions will be designed to test the logical reasoning, quantitative aptitude including numerical ability, and data interpretation.

2. General Science:

The questions will be set to test general awareness, scientific temper, comprehension, and appreciation of scientific phenomena of everyday observation including new areas of importance like Information Technology, Biotechnology, Environmental Science.

3.Current Events of National and International Importance:

The questions will test the candidates' awareness of current events of national and international importance in the board areas of culture, music, arts, literature, sports, governance, societal and developmental issues, industry, business, globalisation, and interplay among nations,.

4. Indian Polity and Economy: The questions shall aim to test candidates' knowledge of the Country's political system and the Constitution of India, Social systems and public administration, economic development in India, regional and international security issues and human rights including its indicators.

5. History of India: The questions will broadly cover the subject in its social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

6. Indian and World Geography: The questions shall cover the physical, social and economic aspects of geography pertaining to India and the World.

Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and Comprehension (200 marks) 

Part‐A – Essay questions which are to be answered in the long narrative form either in Hindi or English totalling 80 Marks. The indicative topics are modern Indian history especially of the freedom struggle, geography, polity and economy, knowledge of security and human rights issues, and analytical ability. 

Part‐B – Comprehension, précis writing, other communications/language skills – to be attempted in English only (Marks 120) – The topics are Comprehension passages, précis writing, developing counter arguments, simple grammar and other aspects of language testing.  

The UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination Syllabus 2022 pdf available to download. Applicants for UPSC Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination Recruitment 2020 Written examination can get the exam syllabi and exam pattern here. Click on the attached file below to download the entire syllabus for the academic year.

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Here, we have attached the detailed syllabus of CISF - AC's (Exe) LDCE 2022 which covers the detailed structure. Click on the attachment below to download the syllabus.

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UPSC Combined Defence Service Examination (I) and (II) Syllabus 2022.

Click on the attached file to download the CDS (I) & (II) Syllabus 2022 in PDF Form.

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Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) - Exam Pattern and Syllabi of the Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination (Now will be renamed as Combined Geo-Scientists Examination).

The UPSC in consultation with the Government (Ministry of Mines, the Nodal Ministry (has decided to revise the Scheme, Pattern and Syllabi for of the Comgined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination (CGGE). The Salient Features of the same are as under:

(I) The nomenclature of this Examination has been changed to "Combined Geo-Scientist Examiantion" in Place of "Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination".

(II) There will be three tier examination pattern i.e.

1. Stage - I : Preliminary Examination.

2. Stage - II : Main Examination.

3. Stage - III : Personality Test.

(iii)     Preliminary Examination will screen the candidates for taking the Main Examination (Stage-II).

(iv)     The Preliminary Examination will be of objective type having two Papers. Marks secured in this Examination will be counted for deciding the final merit.

(v)      The Main Examination will have three Papers for each Stream and all Papers will be of descriptive type. Marks secured in this Examination will be counted for deciding the final merit.

(vii)     Existing General English Paper has been discontinued.

(viii)    The Revised Scheme, Pattern and Syllabi of the Examination will be made effective from the 2023 Examination to give sufficient preparation time to the aspirants.

To know more about the detailed of this revised Scheme, Pattern and Syllabi are attached below:


1. The Examination shall be conducted according to the following plan :-

(i) Stage - I : Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary) Examination [Objective type Papers] for the selection of candidates for the Stage - II

(ii) Stage - II : Combined Geo-Scientist (Main) Examination [Descriptive type Papers] and

(iii) Stage - III : Personality Test.

Candidates will first have to take the Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary / Stage - I) Examination which consists of two Objective Type (Multiple Choices) Questions Papers for each stream. The Question Papers will be set in English Language Only.

The detailed scheme  and syllabi of Combined Geo-Scientist Examination is as Under :-

A. Stage - I : Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary) Examination [Objective-type] :-

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UPSC - Indian Engineering Services Examination consists of three stages.

1. Preliminary.

2. Main.

3. Personality Test.

In the Preliminary exam there will be two papers carrying a maximum of 500 marks:

Paper-I will be of General Studies and Engineering Aptitude.

Paper-II will be of Civil/Mechanical/Electrical & Electronics and Telecommunication engineering.

The Engineering Services (Main/stage-II) Examination will consist of two conventional type papers in Engineering Discipline specific with a duration of three hours and maximum marks of 600 (300 Marks in each paper).

The General Studies and Engineering Aptitude for Preliminary Examination/Stage-I, Paper I, Objective type, is common to all Candidates. The exam comprehends of subjects current affairs, Engineering along with logical reasoning and analytical ability, mathematics, numerical analysis, general principals of design, drawing, the importance of safety.

The second paper is based on the respective engineering field and covers all the topics which can be seen in the exam pattern and syllabus being provided by Careerindia.

Click on the attachment to download the IES Syllabus 2023

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The standard of papers in General English and General Studies will be such as may be expected of a graduate of an Indian University.

The standard of papers in the other subjects will be that of the Master’s degree examination of an Indian University in the relevant disciplines. The candidates will be expected to illustrate the theory by facts, and to analyze problems with the help of theory. They will be expected to be particularly conversant with Indian problems in the field(s) of Economics/Statistics. Click on the attached file below to download the entire syllabus.

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UPSC National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (I) and (II) is the Joint Service Academy of the Indian and for the candidates who wants to Join Indian Defence Forces (Army, Navy & Air Force).

NDA & NA Exam (I) & (II) 2022 - We have attached detailed syllabus in PDF form.


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UPSC has revised the exam syllabus based on which the computer-based test of the UPSC CMS Exam 2022 exam shall be crafted.

The Paper I of part 1 shall be of 250 marks to be attempted in two hours duration wherein 120 total number of questions shall be asked. The general medicine questions shall be 96 in number while 24 such questions shall be asked only from Paediatrics section.

The syllabus for the General Medicine has been listed pointwise in the officially released detailed notification declaring the UPSC CMS 2022 exam syllabus online.

The Paper 2 of Part 1 shall have subdivided three sections of Surgery, Gynaecology & Obstetrics and Preventive & Social Medicine having 40 questions from each section making it a total of 120 questions in the Paper 2 as well. The Paper 2 of the UPSC CMS 2022 exam shall also be of 250 marks of 2 hours duration each.

The syllabus for the Personality test carrying 100 marks includes testing of general knowledge and awareness along with the candidates’ analytical and critical prowess. Social behaviour, mental alertness, and integrity of character shall also be tested in a candidate’s personality as a part of this test.

To know and download the syllabus click on the attachment below.

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The Civil Services Main examination is designed to test the academic talent of the aspirant, also his/her ability to present his/ her knowledge in a clear and coherent manner.

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper I - Modern Indian language - 300 Marks

Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, Passing mandatory

  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay
  • Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper II - English - 300 marks

Qualifying nature: Marks not counted, passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

  • Comprehension of given passages 
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay

Paper III - Essay - 250 Marks

  • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice
  • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
  • The choice of subjects will be given
  • They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression

Paper IV - General Studies - I250 Marks

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the countryHistory of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society 
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies 
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Salient features of world's physical geography
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper V - General Studies II - 250 Marks

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these 
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity 
  • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act 
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies 
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders 
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and 
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources 
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger 
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures 
  • Role of civil services in a democracy 
  • India and its neighborhood- relations
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate

Paper  VI - General Studies III - 250 Marks

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions;economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology;indigenization of technology and developing new technology
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

 Paper VII - General Studies IV - 250 Marks

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's
  • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper VIII - Optional Subject - Paper I - 250 Marks

  • Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Paper XI - Optional Subject  - Paper II -250 Marks

  • Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Interview/Personality Test - 275 Marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Note: Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination Aspirants can log on to UPSC's official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification 

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