UPSC Exams

Civil Services Examination

Civil Service Examination Pattern

The pattern of Civil services examination has been designed to test the academic expertise of a candidate and that candidate's ability to present himself/herself in a systematic and coherent manner. The examination pattern intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding level of the candidates.

The UPSC Civil Services Exam 2019 is conducted in two stages namely, Prelims and Mains, which are then followed by an interview.  

Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations 2019 are as follows:

1. Preliminary Examination (400 Marks)

(This is also called Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) and is a common test for all applicants)

  • The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each
  • Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each
  • The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in English.
  • Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper 

2. Main Examination (2025 Marks)

  • Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for the Main exam and on the basis of marks secured in the Main exam, they will be called for Interview
  • The total marks of the Main exam and Interview sum up to produce the final result

The written examination consists of the following papers:

Paper Subject Total Marks
Paper A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the
Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
300 Marks
Paper B English 300 Marks
  Papers to be counted for Merit (Ranking)  
Paper-I Essay 250 Marks
Paper-II General Studies-I
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
250 Marks
Paper-III General Studies-II
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations)
250 Marks
Paper-IV General Studies-III
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
250 Marks
Paper-V General Studies-IV
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
250 Marks
Paper-VI Optional Subject-Paper 1 250 Marks
Paper-VII Optional Subject-Paper 2 250 Marks
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750 Marks
Personality Test 275 Marks
Grand Total 2025 Marks

 Note:

Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects from amongst the list of subjects mentioned below:

Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurumukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithili Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki

 For Santhali language, the question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.

List of optional subjects for Main Examination:

Subject
Agriculture
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Anthropology
Botany
Chemistry
Civil Engineering
Commerce and Accountancy
Economics
Electrical Engineering
Geography
Geology
History
Law
Management
Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering
Medical Science
Philosophy
Physics
Political Science and International Relations
Psychology
Public Administration
Sociology
Statistics
Zoology
Literature of any one of the following languages:
(Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri,
Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia,
Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English)

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