CDS (I) and (II) Exam

Combined Defence Services (I) and (II) Exam

What is CDS (I) and (II) Exam?

The "Combined Defence Services" (CDS) Examination is conducted twice a year by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy.

The UPSC has released the notification for the Combined Defence Services Examination (II) 2018. The notification for these two examinations is usually released in the month of August and November and the examinations are conducted in the month of February and November.

Those Candidates qualified in the written exam. Then they are shortlisted for an interview by a Services Selection Board which evaluates a candidate's suitability for a career in the Indian Armed Forces. Applications are invited from eligible candidates; the last date of application is September 3, 2018, (6:00 PM).

All the interested and eligible candidates must go through the important details regarding CDS 2018 and start applying for the same.

CDS (I) 2019:

The UPSC has released the official notification of CDS (I) 2019 examination. The online applications can be filled up to November 26, 2018, till 6:00 pm.

An applicant can be withdrawn the application form December 3, 2018, to December 10, 2018, till 6:00 pm. Aspirants are required to apply online using the official link

The candidates applying for the examination must fulfil all the eligibility criteria for admission to the examination. The CDS (I) 2019 examination will be held on February 3, 2019, for admissions to the below-mentioned courses in the notification.

CDS (I) Application Fee:

INR 200 (excepting Female/SC/ST candidates)

CDS (I) 2019 Examination Centres

The examination will be held at the following centres:

Agartala Dehradun Jorhat Raipur
Ahmedabad Delhi Kochi Ranchi
Aizawl Dharwad Kolkata Sambalpur
Allahabad Dispur Lucknow Shillong
Bengaluru Gangtok Madurai Shimla
Bareilly Hyderabad Mumbai Srinagar
Bhopal Imphal Nagpur Thiruvananthapuram
Chandigarh Itanagar Panaji (Goa) Tirupati
Chennai Jaipur Patna Udaipur
Cuttack Jammu Port Blair Visakhapatnam

CDS (II) 2019:

The CDS (II) is going to be conducted on September 8, 2019. The last date for application is July 8, 2019, up to 6:00 PM.

UPSC CDS 2019 Vacancies Details:

A Combined Defence Services Exam will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission on September 8, 2019, for admission to the undermentioned courses:

Total No. of Posts: 414 (Approx.)

Name of the Post: Combined Defence Service Examination (II), 2019 (Including SSC Women (Non-Technical Course)

i) Indian Military Academy, Dehradun - 148th (DE) Course commencing in July 2019 [including 13 vacancies reserved for NCC 'C' Certificate (Army Wing) holders] - 100 Vacancies (approx.)

ii) Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala - Course commencing in July 2019 Executive (General Service) (including 06 vacancies reserved for NCC 'C' Certificate holders (Naval Wing) - 45 Vacancies (approx.)

iii) Air Force Academy, Hyderabad - (Pre-Flying) Training Course commencing in July 2019 i.e. No. 206 F (P) Course - 32 Vacancies (approx.)

iv) Officers Training Academy, Chennai - 110th SSC (Men) (NT) Course communing in October 2019 - 255 Vacancies (including 50 vacancies for NCC ‘C’) (approx.)

v) Officers Training Academy, Chennai - 24th SSC Women (Non-Technical) Course commencing in October 2019 - 12 Vacancies

Eligibility Criteria

  1. Physical Criteria

    • Candidates must be physically and mentally fit according to prescribed physical standards for admission to CDS (I) & CDS (II) 2019
    • A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the training academies of Armed Forces is not eligible to apply
    • Permanent body tattoos are only permitted on inner face of the forearm, i.e. from inside of elbow to the wrist and on the reverse side of palm/back (dorsal) side of the hand
    • Permanent body tattoos on any other part of the body are not acceptable and candidates will be barred from further selection. Tribes with tattoo marks on the face or body as per their existing custom and traditions will be permitted on a case to case basis
    • The concessions are not applicable for Air Force Height and Weight standards are mentioned i the official notification for Army and Navy only. Interpolation for weights against height not mentioned may be done
  2. Nationality:

    A candidate must be either:

    (i) a Citizen of India, or
    (ii) a subject of Nepal, or
    (iii) a subject of Bhutan, or
    (iv) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
    (v) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.


    • Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India
    • Certificate of eligibility will not, however, be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal
  3. Educational Qualification:

    • For I.M.A. and Officers’ Training Academy-Degree of a recognised University or equivalent.
    • For Indian Naval Academy-Degree in Engineering from a recognised University/Institution.
    • For Air Force Academy-Degree of a recognised University (with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level) or Bachelor of Engineering.


    • Graduates with the first choice as Army/Navy/Air Force are to submit proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB.
    • Candidates who are studying in the final year/semester Degree course and have yet to pass the final year degree examination can also apply provided candidate
    • should not have any present backlog up to the last semester/year for which results have been declared up to the time of submission of application and they will be
    • required to submit proof of passing the degree examination at the time of commencement of course.
    • Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Combined Defence Services Examination (I) & (II), 2019 as per guidelines are given in the official notification.


  4. Age Limit :

    Age Limits, Sex and Marital Status for CDS I & II 2019:

    1. For IMA - Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than January 02, 1996, and not later than January 01, 2001, only are eligible.
    2. For Indian Naval Academy - Unmarried male candidates born not earlier than January 02, 1996, and not later than January 01, 2001, only are eligible.
    3. For Air Force Academy - 20 to 24 years as on January 01, 2020, i.e. born not earlier than January 02, 1996, and not later than January 01, 2000, (Upper age limit for candidates holding valid and current Commercial Pilot Licence issued by DGCA (India) is relaxable up to 26 yrs, i.e. born not earlier than January 02, 1994, and not later than January 01, 2000) only are eligible.
    4. For Officers' Training Academy — (SSC Course for men) unmarried male candidates born not earlier than January 02, 1995, and not later than January 01, 2021, only are eligible.
    5. For Officers' Training Academy - (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) Unmarried women, issueless widows who have not remarried and issueless divorcees (in possession of divorce documents) who have not remarried are eligible. They should have been born not earlier than January 02, 1995, and not later than January 01, 2001.

    Note: Candidate below 25 years of age must be unmarried. Marriage is not permitted during training. Married candidates above 25 years of age are eligible to apply but during training period they will neither be provided married accommodation nor can they live with family out of the premises.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • If you are selected in one of the branches of armed forces then you are set for your rest of the life
  • Apart from getting pay, perks and pension you also get many benefits that are missing from a private job
  • Your job can be challenging depending upon which type of armed force you join
  • Your job can be very tough and disciplined so you have to prepare yourself for it
  • After successful completion of Combined Defence Services training, the candidates pass out in the rank of a designated officer will be entitled to the pay and allowance of the rank


CDS Exam Analysis 

Annually, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Combined Defence Services (CDS) exam twice a year for recruitment into the defence forces. The CDS (I) 2019 exam was conducted on February 3. A total of 3,48,871 candidates registered for the examination. 

The CDS examination consists of three sections, namely English Language, General Knowledge and Mathematics. The duration of each subject is two hours. The overall CDS (I) 2019 exam was rated between moderate and tough. Let's look at each section. 

English Language 

A total of 120 questions were asked for a total of 100 marks. Around 20 synonym and antonym questions were asked which are believed to be a bit tough. 10 questions each from the phrase rearrangement, fill in the blanks and sentence rearrangement. Around 20 questions from the reading comprehension, which were rated as moderate. Aspirants also found 20 questions on error detection which were difficult. After analysing the paper, more than 60 attempts in English will make chances bright. 

General Knowledge

This is a scoring section and many test takers find it easy to answer. The questions were from history, geography, economy and polity. Aspirants also found that questions from current affairs are easy. However, 27 questions from general science are moderate. One who has attempted more than 84 questions can be considered as a good attempt. 


It consists of 100 questions with one mark each. Around 20 questions came from the number system. The geometry and area & perimeter questions were easy. Test takers also got questions from trigonometry, statistics, time and work, simple and compound interest, average, ratio and proportion, profit and loss, percentage and data interpretation. Candidates who have attempted more than 55 questions can be said to have made a good attempt. 

UPSC CDS (I) 2018 Final Result Announced

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the Combined Defence Services (CDS) (I) 2018 examination result. Candidates who have appeared for the examination can access the final result on the official website. A total of 172 candidates have been finalised for the CDS (I) 2018. 

The shortlisted candidates will get admission to the Officers Training Academy, Chennai, for the 109th Short Service Commission Course (for Men) and Officers Training Academy, Chennai, the 23rd Short Service Commission Women (Non-Technical) Course, commencing in April 2019. 

Click here for CDS (I) final result 2018

Candidates have to note that marks of the examination will be available within 15 days from the date of declaration of final results on the Commission’s website for 30 days. Aspirants may obtain any information/clarification regarding their examination on working days between 10.00 AM and 5.00 PM, in person or over telephone Nos. 011-23385271, 011-23381125 and 011-23098543. 

4 February 2019
CDS (I) 2019 Admit Card Released

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the admit cards for the Combined Defence Services (CDS) I 2019 exam. Candidates who have submitted their applications last year can visit the official website to download the e-admit card for CDS (I) 2019. 

Candidates can download their admit card by using either registration ID or roll number. They should also submit the date of birth to access their admit card. The CDS (I) 2019 will be held on February 3. Applicants can download their e-admit card below. 

Click here to download the CDS (I) 2019 e-admit card 

CDS is an entrance examination conducted for entry to Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. The CDS (I) 2019 notification was released for a total of 417 seats. 

15 January 2019
UPSC CDS (II) 2018 Written Exam Result Announced

The Union Public Service Commission has declared the written result of the Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination II 2018. Candidates who have appeared for the written examination on November 18, 2018, can visit the official website of UPSC to check the result. 

A total of 7650 candidates passed with flying colours. The qualified candidates will be interviewed by the Service Selection Board of the Ministry of Defence for admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, Officers Training Academy and others. 

Click here for the UPSC CDS II 2018 written result

Candidates need to register themselves online on the Indian Army Recruiting website within two weeks of the announcement of the written result. The successful candidates would then be allotted Selection Centres and dates of SSB interview, which shall be communicated on the registered email ID. However, candidates who have already registered earlier on the site will not be required to do so.  

Aspirants should also note that the marks sheet of candidates who have not qualified in the written exam will be available on the UPSC's official website within 15 days from the date of publication of the final result. 

3 January 2019
CDS I 2019: Online Registration To Close On November 26

The online registration for the Combined Defence Services 2019 (CDS I) is all set to end on November 26, 2018. Interested candidates who have not yet applied for the examination are advised to apply early to avoid the last-minute rush. 

This year, the notification was released for a total of 417 vacancies. The selected candidates will be granted admission to  Indian Military Academy Dehradun, Indian Naval Academy Ezhimala, Air Force Academy Hyderabad, Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai (Madras) and Officers Training Academy, Chennai. 

In order to apply for the IMA and OTA, candidates should possess a bachelor degree. An engineering degree is required for Indian Naval Academy. However, science graduates and engineers are eligible to apply for Air Force Academy. To know more about the eligibility criteria, click here

The UPSC CDS I 2019 will be conducted on February 3. The exam consists of subjects such as English, general knowledge, elementary mathematics. 

23 November 2018
UPSC Declared The CDS (I) 2018 Final Result

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has declared the final result for Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination (I) 2018. Candidates who have appeared for the examination can check their results on the official website of UPSC. 

The CDS (I) 2018 written examination was held on February 4, 2018, followed by the Services Selection Board (SSB) test. The total number of candidates who qualified in the written test are 2778 to the Indian Military Academy, 1720 to the Indian Naval Academy and 623 to the Air Force Academy. The number of candidates who finally qualified are those after the SSB test conducted by Army Head Quarters. 

A total of 100 candidates have qualified in the selection process conducted by the UPSC and SSB interviews. Out of 100, 60 candidates will be appointed under the Indian Military Academy, 33 under the Indian Naval Academy and 07 under the Air Force Academy. 

Click here to check the UPSC CDS (I) 2018 Final Result

The marks of the candidates will be available on the website after completion of its complete process, i.e., after the declaration of final result of Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) for Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2018. 

9 November 2018
CDS I Notification 2019: Explore The Number Of Vacancies
CDS (I) 2019 exam notification has been released. Apply before Nov 26, 2018.
UPSC Released CDS-II Exam 2018 Admit Card
Preparation Tips for CDS II Exams to be held on November 18, 2018
CDS (II) Examination 2018 Registration Process & Application Fees
UPSC CDS II Application Process 2018 Open: Apply Before Sept 3!

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