Also available in: தமிழ் , ಕನ್ನಡ


Indian Railway Personnel Service Exam

What is IRPS Exam?

Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) is a Group-A Central Service of the Government of India and the youngest of all the Group 'A' Organized Services on Indian Railways.

It was constituted in 1976 and the first direct recruitment through the Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC, was in 1980. The officers of this service are responsible for managing the Human Resources of the Indian Railways.


Eligibility Criteria

  1. Nationality:

    Nationality of a candidate must be either of the following:

    • Citizen of India
    • Subject of Nepal
    • Subject of Bhutan
    • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962 for permanent settlement in India.
    • Migrant from any of the following countries for permanently settling in India:

    Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam

  2. Educational Qualification:

     A candidate must hold a degree from any of the universities recognised by the UGC or possess an equivalent qualification.

  3. Age Limit :

    • Minimum age 21 years
    • Maximum age 30 years as on 1st of August in the year of examination.

    Relaxable age limit is as follows:

    • Upto max. 5 years for SC/ST candidates.
    • Upto max. 3 years for OBC candidates.
    • Upto max. 5 years for candidate from the State of Jammu & Kashmir
    • Upto max. 5 years for Defence Services personnel
    • Upto max. 5 years for Ex-servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service and have been released.
    • Upto max. 5 years for ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of 5 years of Military Service.
    • Upto max. 10 years for Blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons
  4. Number of attempts:

    The maximum number of attempts is as follows:

    • General Category Candidates: 4 attempts
    • SC/ST Candidates: No restriction
    • OBC Candidates: 7 attempts

Roles and Responsibilities

IRPS is a unique service as it is the only one in the 'Group A' services that cater exclusively for the human resources in the Indian Railways. 


  • Personnel management
  • Industrial relations
  • Legal and court matter


  • Manpower Planning
  • Recruitment
  • Training
  • Promotions
  • Seniority
  • Reservation
  • Transfer & Posting
  • Payments, Salary & Wages
  • Final Settlement
  • Maintenance of cordial Industrial Relations
  • Workers' participation in Management
  • All Welfare Activities
  • Grievance Redressal
  • Legal & Court Cases Work
  • Implementation of Labour Laws
  • Hours of Employment Regulations (HOER)

For great career opportunity, get instant updates on Education, Career & Job