Political Science Main Syllabus

Political Theory and Indian Politics

1.Politicaltheory meaning and ap-proaches

2.Theories of the state: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

3.Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl's theory of justice and itscommunitarian critiques.

4.Equality: Social, political and economic;relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmativeaction.

5.Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.

6.Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative,participatory and deliberative.

7.Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.

8.Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

9.Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed AhmedKhan, S r i Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .

10.Western Political Thought :Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx,Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and politics

1.Indian Nationalism:Political Strategies of India's Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; millitant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers'movements.Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

2.Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and politicalperspectives.

3.Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, DirectivePrinciples; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structuredoctrine.

4.Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive,Legislature and Supreme Court.Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive,Legislature and High Courts.

5.Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74thAmendments; Grassroot movements.

6.Statutory Inst i tut ions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General,Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes,National Comission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human RightsCommission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

7.Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationisttendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.

8.Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning andpublic sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economicreforms.

9.Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

10.Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patternsof coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profileof Legislators.

11.Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women's movements;environmentalist movements

PART II

Comparative Politics and International Relations

Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociologyperspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

2.State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist andsocialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.

3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movementsin advanced industrial and developing societies.

4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.

5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist andSystems theory.

6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power anddeterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

7. Changing International Political Order:Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;Non-al igned movement : Aims and achievements;Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in thecontemporary world.

8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economiesand the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new internationaleconomic order; Globalisation of the world economy.

9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning;need for UN reforms.

10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.

11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism,nuclear proliferation.

India and the World:

1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.

2. India's Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role

3. India and South Asia:Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.South Asia as a Free Trade Area.India's "Look East" policy.Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnicconflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demandfor NIEO and WTO negotiations.

5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.

6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the SecurityCouncil.

7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India's position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan,Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

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