Physics Main Syllabus


1. Mechanics of Particles:

Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum, applications to rotating frames, cent r ipetaland Cor iol is accelerat ions; Motion under a central force; Conservation of angular momentum,Kepler's laws; Fields and potentials; Gravitational field and potential due to spherical bodies, Gaussand Poisson equations, gravitational self-energy; Two-body problem; Reduced mass; Rutherfordscattering; Centre of mass an laboratory reference frames.

Mechanics of Rigid Bodies: System of particles; Centre of mass, angular momentum, equations ofmotion; Conservation theorems for energy, momentum and angular momentum; Elastic and inelasticcollisions; Rigid body; Degrees of freedom, Euler's theorem, angular velocity, angular momentum,moments of inertia, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes, equation of motion for rotation;Molecular rotations (as rigid bodies); Di and tri-atomic molecules; Precessional motion; top,gyroscope.

Mechanics of Continuous Media: Elasticity, Hooke's law and elastic constants of isotropic solids andtheir inter-relation; Streamline (Laminar) flow, viscosity, Poiseuille's equation, Bernoulli's equation,Stokes' law and applications.

Special Relativity: Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications; Lorentz transformations-lengthcontraction, time dilation, addition of relativistic velocities, aberration and Doppler effect, mass-energyrelation, simple applications to a decay process; Four dimensional momentum vector; Covariance ofequations of physics.

2. Waves and Optics:Waves: Simple harmonic motion, damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance; Beats;Stationary waves in a string; Pulses and wave packets; Phase and group velocities; Reflection andRefraction from Huygens' principle.

Geometrical Optics: Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat's principle ; Matrix method inparaxial optics-thin lens formula, nodal planes, system of two thin lenses, chromatic and sphericalaberrations.

Interference: Interference of light-Young's experiment, Newton's rings, interference by thin films,Michelson interferometer; Multiple beam interference and Fabry-Perot interferometer.Diffraction: Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit, double slit, diffraction grating, resolving power;Diffraction by a circular aperture and the Airy pattern; Fresnel diffraction: half-period zones and zoneplates, circular aperture.

Polarization and Modern Optics: Production and detection of linearly and circularly polarized light;Double refraction, quarter wave plate; Optical activity; Principles of fibre optics, attenuation; Pulsedispersion in step index and parabolic index f ibres; Mater ial dispersion, single mode fibres; Lasers-Einstein A and B coefficients; Ruby and He-Ne lasers; Characteristics of laser light-spatial andtemporal coherence; Focusing of laser beams; Three-level scheme for laser operation; Holography andsimple applications.

3. Electricity and Magnetism:

Electrostatics and Magnetostatics: Laplace and Poisson equations in electrostatics and theirapplications; Energy of a system of charges, multipole expansion of scalar potential; Method of imagesand its applications; Potential and field due to a dipole, force and torque on a dipole in an external field; Dielectrics, polarization; Solutions to boundary-value problems-conducting and dielectric spheres in a uniform electric field; Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere; Ferromagnetic materials, hysteresis, energy loss.

Current Electricity: Kirchhoff's laws and their applications; Biot-Savart law, Ampere's law, Faraday'slaw, Lenz' law; Self-and mutual-inductances; Mean and r m s values in AC circuits; DC and AC circuitswith R, L and C components; Series and parallel resonances; Quality factor; Principle of transformer.

Electromagnetic Waves and Blackbody Radiation: Displacement current and Maxwell's equations;Wave equations in vacuum, Poynting theorem; Vector and scalar potentials; Electromagnetic fieldtensor, covariance of Maxwell's equations; Wave equations in isotropic dielectrics, reflection andrefraction at the boundary of two dielectrics; Fresnel's relations; Total internal reflection; Normal andanomalous dispersion; Rayleigh scattering; Blackbody radiation and Planck's radiation law, Stefan -Boltzmann law, Wien's displacement law and Rayleigh-Jeans' law.

4.Thermal and Statistical Physics:

Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy; Isothermal,adiabatic, isobaric, isochoric processes and entropy changes; Otto and Diesel engines, Gibbs' phase ruleand chemical potential; van der Waals equation of state of a real gas, critical constants; Maxwell-Boltzman distribution of molecular velocities, transport phenomena, equipartition and virial theorems;Dulong-Pet i t , Einstein, and Debye's theories of specific heat of solids; Maxwell relations andapplications ; Clausius- Clapeyron equation; Adiabatic demagnetisation, Joule-Kelvin effect andliquefaction of gases.

Statistical Physics: Macro and micro states, statistical distributions, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einsteinand Fermi-Dirac distributions, applications to specific heat of gases and blackbody radiation; Conceptof negative temperatures.


1. Quantum Mechanics:

Wave-particle dualitiy; Schroedinger equation and expectation values; Uncertainty principle; Solutionsof the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation for a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet), particle in abox, particle in a finite well, linear harmonic oscillator; Reflection and transmission by a step potentialand by a rectangular barrier; Particle in a three dimensional box, density of states, free electron theoryof metals; Angular momentum; Hydrogen atom; Spin half particles, properties of Pauli spin matrices.

2. Atomic and Molecular Physics:

Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom; L-S coupling, J-J coupling;Spectroscopic notation of atomic states; Zeeman effect; FrankCondon principle and applications;Elementary theory of rotational, vibratonal and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules; Raman effectand molecular structure; Laser Raman spectroscopy; Importance of neutral hydrogen atom, molecularhydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Elementarytheory and applications of NMR and EPR; Elementary ideas about Lamb shift and its significance.

3. Nuclear and Particle Physics:

Basic nuclear properties-size, binding energy, angular momentum, parity, magnetic moment; Semi-empirical mass formula and appl icat ions, mass parabolas; Ground state of deuteron, magnetic momentand non-central forces; Meson theory of nuclear forces; Salient features of nuclear forces;Shell modelof the nucleus - successes and limitations; Violation of parity in beta decay; Gamma decay and internalconversion; Elementary ideas about Mossbauer spectroscopy; Q-value of nuclear reactions; Nuclearfission and fusion, energy production in stars; Nuclear reactors.

Classification of elementary particles and their interactions ; Conservation laws ; Quark structure ofhadrons; Field quanta of electroweak and strong interactions; Elementary ideas about unification offorces; Physics of neutrinos.

4. Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics:

Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems, space groups; Methods ofdetermination of crystal structure; X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopies;Band theory of solids - conductors, insulators and semiconductors; Thermal properties of solids,specific heat, Debye theory; Magnetism: dia, para and ferromagnetism; Elements of superconductivity,Meissner effect, Josephson junctions and applications; Elementary ideas about high temperaturesuperconductivity.

Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; pn-p and n-p-n transistors; Amplifiers and osci l lators; Op-amps; FET, JFET and MOSFET; Digital electronics-Boolean identities, De Morgan's laws, logic gatesand truth tables; Simple logic circuits; Thermistors, solar cells; Fundamentals of microprocessors anddigital computers.

Download Syllabus

Other Optional Subject Syllabus

Arabic Syllabus Agriculture Syllabus
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus Botany Syllabus
Chemistry Syllabus Civil Engineering Syllabus
Commerce & Accountancy Syllabus Economics Syllabus
Electrical Engineering Syllabus Geography Syllabus
Geology Syllabus History Syllabus
Law Syllabus Mathematics Syllabus
Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Medical Science Syllabus
Political Science Syllabus Psychology Syllabus
Public Administration Syllabus Sociology Syllabus
Statistics Syllabus Zoology Syllabus
Philosophy Syllabus Anthropology Syllabus
Management Syllabus
Get Instant News Updates
Notification Settings X
Time Settings
Clear Notification X
Do you want to clear all the notifications from your inbox?
Settings X