Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering Exam

What is GATE Exam?

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India entrance examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidate in various UG subjects in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and PG subjects in Science.

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT's) jointly conduct the GATE every year. It is the qualifying entrance examination, which is conducted for admission to postgraduate (PG) courses (M.E, M.Tech, PhD) in IISc and IITs.

The operations related to GATE is each of the 8 zones are managed by a zonal GATE Office at the IITs or IISc. The exam is conducted on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. 

A valid GATE score is essential for obtaining financial assistance during Master's programs and direct Doctoral programs in engineering/ technology/ architecture. As per the directives of the MHRD, the following procedure is to be adopted for admission to the post-graduate programs (Master's and Doctoral) with MHRD scholarship/assistantship.

Depending upon the norms adopted by a specific institute or department of the Institute, a candidate may be admitted directly into a course based on his/her performance in GATE only or based on his/her performance in GATE and an admission test/interview conducted by the department to which he/she has applied and/or the candidate's academic record.

If the candidate is to be selected through test/interview for post-graduate programs, a minimum of 70% weight age will be given to the performance in GATE and the remaining 30% weight age will be given to the candidate's performance in test/interview and/or academic record, as per MHRD guidelines.

The admitting institutes could, however, prescribe a minimum passing percentage of marks in the test/interview. Some of the colleges/institutes specify GATE qualification as the mandatory requirement even for admission without MHRD scholarship/assistantship. Jobs: Several public sector undertaking would consider GATE scores for screening for providing jobs.

Candidates who qualify in the GATE exam will be provided with a scorecard which is valid for three years from the date of announcement of the results.

GATE Exam Highlights 

Exam name  Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
Conducted by Jointly by 7 IITs & IISc
Frequency Once a year
Exam level  National 
Mode of exam Online (Computer Based Test)
Application mode Online 
GATE papers 27 Papers
GATE scorecard validity  3 years
Duration  3 hours (180 minutes) 
Sections General Aptitude (GA) + Candidate's selected Subject
Type of Questions 

(A) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

(B) Remaining Types

1. Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) and / or

2. Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

Questions for testing these abilities




Analysis and Synthesis

Number of Questions 10 (GA) + 55 (Subject) = 65 Questions
Distribution of Marks in all Papers EXCEPT papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks + Subject Questions: 72 Marks = Total: 100 Marks
Distribution of Marks in papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Subject Questions: 85 Marks = Total: 100 Marks
Marking Scheme All the questions will be 1 Mark or 2 Marks
Official website

GATE 2021

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2021 will be conducted for a total of 25 subjects also known as papers. The major development in GATE 2021 is the introduction of two new papers - Environmental Science and Engineering (ES) and Humanities and Social Sciences (XH). It will be held across various test centres in the country along with six cities outside India on February 5, 6, 7, 12, 13 and 14, 2021. The entrance exam will be purely a Computer Based Test (CBT). The online applications will take accepted between September 14 and 30, 2021. 

GATE Exam Dates 

The GATE computer-based examination will be held on February 5, 6, 7, 12, 13 and 14, 2021. The result will be available on March 22, 2021. Candidates are advised to check GATE 2021 exam schedule and sectional-single session papers here. The list below is tentative time table. 

GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS) Website Opens Tuesday September 14, 2020
Last Date for Submission of Online Application through website Tuesday September 30, 2020
Extended Last Date for Submission of Online Application through website Tuesday October 7, 2020
Last Dat for Requesting Change of Examination City (Additional fee will be applicable) Friday November 13, 2020
The release of Admit Card in the Online Application Portal for Printing Friday January 3, 2020
GATE 2021 Examination Friday 05 February, 2021
  Saturday 06 February, 2021
Forenoon : 9:00 AM To 12:00 Noon (Tentative) Sunday 07 February, 2021
  Friday 12 February, 2021
Afternoon : 3:00 PM To 6:00 PM (Tentative) Saturday 13 February, 2021
  Sunday 14 February, 2021
The announcement of the Results in the Online Application Portal Saturday March 22, 2021

GATE Notification 2021

Interested candidates are advised to refer to the GATE notification/ information brochure for more details before kick-starting the online registration process. The GATE information brochure displays all the details starting eligibility to marking scheme. The notification will be available only on the official website of GATE. Aspirants can access on

GATE Eligibility 

Candidates must ensure they satisfy all the eligibility criteria before registering online for the GATE exam. One should know that there is no upper age limit for appearing in the GATE exam. The four-year bachelors in engineering is required to apply online. Candidates other than India must have completed or are in the final year of their 4-year bachelor’s degree in engineering is required. Aspirants are advised to check the complete the details about documents required in support of eligibility (eligibility documents) on our GATE eligibility criteria page

GATE Papers: List Of Papers And Corresponding Codes 

The GATE exam will be held on 25 subjects (papers) Candidates can select only one paper in any one session. Candidates should note that CE and ME may be conducted in multiple sessions. 

GATE Paper   Code  GATE Paper   Code 
Aerospace Engineering   AE Instrumentation Engineering  IN 
Agricultural Engineering  AG  Mathematics  MA 
Architecture and Planning  AR  Mechanical Engineering  ME 
Bio-medical Engineering  BM  Mining Engineering   MN 
Biotechnology  BT  Metallurgical Engineering  MT 
Civil Engineering  CE  Petroleum Engineering  PE 
 Chemical Engineering CH  Physics  PH 
Computer Science and Information Technology  CS  Production and Industrial Engineering  PI 
Chemistry  CY  Statistics  ST 
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE
Enivronmental Science and Engineering ES Humanities and Social Sciences XH
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL
Geology and Geophysics CG    

The XE (Engineering Sciences) and XL (Life Sciences) papers are of general nature and will be comprised of sections listed in the below table. 

XE Paper Sections   Code  XL Paper Sections   Code 
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)  Chemistry (Compulsory) 
Any two optional sections    Any two optional sections 
Fluid Mechanics   Biochemistry 
Materials Science  Botany  
Solid Mechanics  Microbiology 
Thermodynamics  Zoology 
Polymer Science and Engineering     
Food Technology     
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences     

Note : Environmental Science & Engineering (ES) & Humanities and Social Sciences (XH) are two new papers introduced in GATE-2021

XH Papaer Solutions Code
Reasoning and Comprehension (Compulsory) B1
Any ONE Optional Sections  
Economics C1
English C2
Linguistics C3
Philosophy C4
Psychology C5
Sociology C6

GATE Exam Centres 

The GATE exam will be conducted at various cities grouped under the Zonal GATE office. Candidates have to choose three cities from the list of examination cities. One should choose the first and second choices from the same GATE zone, while, the third choice should be from another GATE zone. The important note is the GATE Committee reserves the right to add a new city or remove an existing one.  

GATE 2021 Registration Process

The candidates have to register and fill the application via online mode only at the GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS). The registration process will start on September 14, 2020, and it will end on September 30, 2020. Explore more about the GATE 2021 registration procedure

GATE 2021 Application Fee

Note : The application fee mentioned above DOES NOT INCLUDE Service charges, processing fees and any other charges that the banks may levy.

For Examination Centres in India Regular Period (14 to 30 Sept, 2020 During the Extended Period (1 to 7 Oct, 2020)
Female Candidates INR 750/- INR 1250/-
SC/ST/PwD Category Candidates INR. 750/- INR 1250/-
All Other Candidates INR 1500/- INR 2000/-
For Examination Centres outside India (All Candidates)
Addis Ababa, Colombo, Dhaka and Kathmandu US$ 50 US$ 70
Dubai and Singapore US$ 100 US$ 120

GATE Admit Card 2021 

The admit card is the most important document for any entrance examination and there is no exception for GATE. Candidates who have registered successfully for the exam can visit the official website to download the GATE admit card from January 3, 2020, onwards. The admit cards will not be sent to the candidates through post or email. One should take a printout of GATE admit card 2020 and carry the same to the examination centre. They should also carry a valid photo identity card along with admit card to the examination centre for verification purpose. Aspirants can access the direct link to download GATE 2020 admit card here. 

GATE Syllabus 

GATE is believed to be one amongst the toughest entrance exams in India. The syllabus for the examination is very exhaustive and covers from 10 to 14 subjects from the engineering stream. Hence, it is important for students to analyse the GATE syllabus meticulously before kick-starting the preparation. Aspirants can check our GATE syllabus page that covers all the 25 papers including General Aptitude(common paper).

GATE Zone Office 

IISc and seven IITs jointly conduct the GATE exam. Candidates can access the zone information below which will help while registering online for the GATE exam. Candidates can clear their queries related to the examination centre, application, admit card and result. 

Zone  Contact Address  Phone Number  e-mail Id 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru 560 012 

080-22932392 & 080-23601227 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400 076   022-25767068 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016 

011-26591749, 011-26591750 & 011-26596137 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039 

0361-2582751 & 0361-2582755 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208 016  0512-2597412 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302 

03222-282091 & 03222-282095 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036  044-22578200 
Chairman, GATE Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667  01332-284531 

Special Features Of GATE 2020 Score For Employment

Most of the Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have used GATE scores to shortlist the candidates for employment. A few of them are Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCI).

Direct recruitment to Group A level posts in Central government, i.e., Senior Field Officer (Tele), Senior Research Officer (Crypto) and Senior Research Officer (S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. of India, is now being carried out on the basis of GATE score.

The details of the scheme of recruitment are normally published in National Newspapers/Employment News/Rozgar Samachar by the concerned authority. The qualified candidates should have to check newspapers and other reliable sources daily for any such information.

GATE Cutoff 2020

It is very important for aspirants to know about the GATE cutoff score because it is not only used for admission to M.Tech programmes in IITs or NITs. To secure a job in public sector undertakings such as IOCL or BHEL, qualifying in GATE is mandatory. 

After the GATE 2020 examination, candidates should focus on the cutoff score along with paper analysis. The organising body, IIT Madras, has released the cutoff score for different categories depending upon the branches of engineering. Check the below table for GATE 2020 category-wise qualifying marks. 

S No Branch General OBC (NCL) SC/ST/PwD
1 Aerospace Engineering (AE) 33.5 30.2 22.3
2 Agricultural Engineering (AG) 28.3 25.5 18.9
3 Architecture and Planning (AR) 41 36.9 27.3
4 Biotechnology (BT) 35.9 32.3 23.9
5 Civil Engineering (CE) 28.2 25.4 18.8
6 Chemical Engineering (CH) 34.8 31.3 23.2
7 Computer Science and Information Technology (CS) 29.5 26.6 19.7
8 Chemistry (CY) 32 28.8 21.3
9 Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 26.7 24 17.8
10 Electrical Engineering (EE) 39.6 35.6 26.4
11 Ecology and Evolution (EY) 37.1 33.4 24.7
12 Geology and Geophysics (GG) 44.5 40.1 29.7
13 Instrumentation Engineering (IN) 31.9 28.7 21.3
14 Mathematics (MA) 25 22.5 16.7
15 Mechanical Engineering (ME) 34.1 30.7 22.7
16 Mining Engineering (MN) 31.5 28.4 21
17 Metallurgical Engineering (MT) 53.5 48.1 35.7
18 Petroleum Engineering (PE) 49.9 44.9 33.3
19 Physics (PH) 25.2 22.7 16.8
20 Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) 32.2 29.2 21.7
21 Statistics (ST) 32.5 29.2 21.7
22 Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) 40.1 36.1 26.7
23 Engineering Sciences (XE-A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H) 26.7 24 17.8
24 Life Sciences (XL-P, Q, R, S, T, U) 36.7 33 24.5

GATE Scorecard 2020

The GATE scorecard is the document given to candidates who have qualified in the examination. The GATE scorecard will be awarded to candidates who have obtained the minimum qualifying cutoff or score in the examination. The scorecard will be available on the official website between March 20 and May 21, 2020. Aspirants are advised to download the soft copy of GATE scorecard, which has validity for three years from the date of declaration of result. However, this validity is not applicable for the recruitment in the public sector undertaking (PSU). 

GATE Score Calculator 

The authorities use GATE raw marks to compute the scores because the exam is conducted in multiple sessions. Marks are obtained and normalized to compute the score for GATE. Candidates have to note that the marks obtained in single session papers will be considered for the GATE 2020 scores. 


After the GATE result, candidates should know about the GATE Common Offer Acceptance Portal (COAP). The admission of M.Tech/Ph.D in all the participating institutes will be carried through COAP. Candidates who are desiring for admission in IITs should apply at the admission portal by registering at COAP and respective institute. 

Starting of COAP registration  April 2020
Round 1 May 24 - May 27, 2020
Round 2 June 5- June 8, 2020
Round 3 June 16- June 19, 2020
Round 4 June 26- July 29, 2020
GATE 2022 Website Launched

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2022 is all set to be conducted on February 5, 6, 12 and 13, 2022. The registrations window will be available between August 30 and September 24, 2021.

This year, two new papers – Geomatics Engineering (GE) and Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (NM) have been added to the GATE exam. 

2 August 2021
GATE COAP 2021 Round 5 Seat Allotment Announced

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi has announced GATE COAP 2021 round 5 seat allotment. Candidates can check their GATE COAP 2021 seat allotment result from the official portal of Common Offer Acceptance Portal (COAP) -

Earlier the Institute has conducted the GATE 2021 exam on February 6, 7, 13 and 14 in online mode. The results were declared on March 19 on the official website. 

26 June 2021
GATE COAP 2021: Round 2 Seat Allotment Released

The authority has released the GATE 2021 seat allotment round 2 list on June 4 at Common Offer Acceptance Portal. Candidates who have registered for counselling can visit COAP 2021 website at

One should enter their details to check the offers made through GATE counselling under round 2 and proceed accordingly. 

4 June 2021
GATE 2021 Counselling Begins

IIT Delhi has started the Common Offer Acceptance Portal (COAP) for students to register for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2021 counselling. Candidates can register for the GATE counselling till May 30.

“Round 1 admission offers will be made available in COAP on 28th May from 10 am onwards. Please login to COAP to see the offers available for you,” an official statement said.

The GATE counselling will be available to those candidates who have qualified in GATE 2021, GATE 2020 and GATE 2019. 

28 May 2021
IIT Kharagpur Is Organising Institute Of GATE 2022

IIT Kharagpur is vested with the authority to conduct the Graduate Aptitude Test Engineering (GATE) 2022 exam. The entrance exam is conducted to shortlist the candidates for admission to postgraduate programmes in engineering or science. 

While handing over the responsibility, IIT Bombay said “IIT Bombay handed over the responsibility of organizing GATE 2022 to IIT Kharagpur after successful completion of GATE 2021 on schedule in spite of the pandemic.”

25 May 2021
Two New Papers In GATE 2022 Exam
GATE Counselling 2021 Schedule Revised
GATE Score Card 2021 Released
GATE COAP 2021 Registration Begins
GATE Result 2021 Declared
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