CBSE Class 12 Physics Exam Important Topics, Syllabus, Exam Pattern And Preparation Tips

By Malavikka

Physics is the first main exam in the CBSE class 12 exam schedule. It is also one of the most fascinating subjects just because of its practical applications in real life. Although the theory and problems part might look elaborate and laborious to study, once you understand the fundamentals, you would love studying physics.

Let's look at the CBSE class 12 physics syllabus and marks allocation first.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2018

I Electrostatics
IICurrent Electricity
III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
V Electromagnetic Waves
VI Optics
VII Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
VIII Atoms and Nuclei
IX Electronic Devices
X Communication Systems


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Marks Allocation

I and II15
III and IV 16
V and VI 17
VII and VIII 10
IX and X 12

Chapter-wise Important Topics

1 Coulomb's Law, Electrostatic Field and Electric Dipole, Gauss's Law
2 Electrostatic Potential, Capacitance
3 Resistance and Ohm's Law, Potentiometer, Cell and Their Combinations, Kirchoff's Laws and Electric Devices
4 Magnetic Field Laws and Their Applications, Magnetic Force and Torque
5 Magnetic Dipole and Magnetic Field Lines, Earth's Magnetic Field and Magnetic Material
6 Electromagnetic Induction Laws, Eddys Currents and Self and Mutual Induction
7 Introduction to Alternating Currents, AC Currents and AC Devices
8 Electromagnetic Waves
9 Reflection, Refraction and Dispersion of Light and Optical Instrument
10 Huygen's Principle and Interference of Light
11 Photoelectric Effect and Matter Waves
12 Atoms
13 Radioactivity Effect and Decay Law, Mass Defect and Binding Energy
14Semiconductor, Diode and Its Applications, Logic Gates, Transistors and Its Applications
15 Communication and Modulation

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Last Minute Preparation Tips For CBSE Class 12 Physics Exam

How To Prepare For Definitions

How To Prepare For Definitions

Write down the list of definitions separately. You might also want to write, along with the definitions, the questions and important keywords that you must not forget so that it would be easier while revising.

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How To Prepare For Problems

How To Prepare For Problems

  • Write down all the chapter-wise formulae separately and memorise them.
  • Understand the fundamentals of each concept and try to apply it with the formulae before looking at the solution.
  • Take the help of solved answers once you have completely understood the question

Also Read: How To Score More Than 90 In Maths For CBSE Class 12 Board Exam?



  • Understand the concept of current.
  • Practise the circuit diagrams.
  • Take a look at the other diagrams even if you don't have time to study the parts and nuances of it in depth. You could still manage drawing an outline that could be a value addition to your answer.

Also Read: CBSE Date Sheet for Class 10 and Class 12 Board Exams 2018 Released!

Practise Previous Year Question Papers

Practise Previous Year Question Papers

Once you have covered the entire syllabus, don't waste time in going through every single concept. Check out the previous years' question papers and answer papers below:

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