NEET UG 2018: Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme And Important Topics

By Malavikka S

NEET UG 2018 is around the corner and this is the time students must look into the important topics and thoroughly get familiar with them. The exam will be conducted offline in various cities of India.

One aspect to be cautious of is the negative marking scheme, which enables cutting down of marks for every wrong answer. The exam is going to be conducted on May 6, 2018 and the preparations for this will be equally tiring for students as it is right after they finish the board exams.


The core subjects that a student must prepare for this exam are biology, physics and chemistry. Before getting into the important topics, it is vital to know the exam pattern and weightage for each subject. Let's take a look at the marking scheme first.

NEET 2018 Exam Pattern

  • Exam Mode: Offline (Paper and pen)
  • Time: 3 hours
  • Languages: English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Kannada and Urdu
  • Question type: Multiple choice questions (MCQ)
  • Number Of Questions: 180
  • Total Marks: 720 marks
  • Marking pattern: 4 marks per answer and 1 mark will be cut down for every wrong answer

Percentile Required To Qualify In NEET

The marking scheme is based on percentile method. Percentile refers to the number of students scoring better than the total number of candidates. 50th percentile refers to students scoring better than 50% of the candidates in the exam, while 40th percentile refers to students scoring better than 40% of the candidates in the exam. Here is the list of minimum percentile required to qualify in the exam based on the category of students.

  • Open Category (OC) - 50th percentile
  • OC Handicap - 45th percentile
  • Scheduled Caste - 40th percentile
  • Scheduled Tribe - 40th percentile
  • Other Backward Classes - 40th percentile


Weightage For Class 11 Subjects

  • Physics - 76
  • Chemistry - 64
  • Botany - 112
  • Zoology - 100

Total: 354

Also Read: Is Coaching A Must To Crack NEET



Weightage For Class 12 Subjects


  • Physics - 104
  • Chemistry - 116
  • Botany - 88
  • Zoology - 60

Total: 368

Important Topics In Physics For NEET UG

In physics, mechanics and electrodynamics are the topics that are given the highest weightage. In modern physics, nuclear physics and semiconductors are likely to be asked. Some other topics that you must focus on are laws of thermodynamics, ray optics, nuclear physics, photoelectric effect, electromagnetic waves, rotational motion, waves and sound and electrostatics.

Important Topics In Chemistry For NEET UG

Chemistry is generally divided into inorganic, organic and physical chemistry. Under organic chemistry, you should study acid and bases, atomic structure, haloalkanes and carbonyl compounds.

Under inorganic chemistry, study d and f block elements, p block elements and qualitative analysis. Chemical kinetics and electrochemistry must be your focus topics under physical chemistry.

Important Topics In Botany For NEET UG

Ecology, molecular basis of inheritance and plant kingdom are the chapters that carry the highest weightage in NEET exam. Environmental studies, DNA replication and algae are the most important topics under those chapters respectively.

Also Read: How To Crack NEET In Less Than Two Months



Important Topics In Zoology For NEET UG

Maximum marks in zoology are allocated for human physiology. So be thorough with the human body parts. Learning becomes easier when you are familiar with the diagrams. Under reproductive health, you must study artificial fertilisation and contraceptives method.

Click here to get the previous year NEET question papers.


About NEET

National Entrance cum Eligibility Test (NEET) is the medical entrance exam for admissions into MBBS and BDS courses in colleges. It was replaced by All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT). It is conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and is the prime criteria for admissions into government and private medical colleges.

The toughness of this exam created a ruckus last year with increase in the number of student suicides. Post this confusion, coaching centres were formed to train students to crack this exam. However, a clear understanding of the exam can help aspirants study effectively and crack it.


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