India's effort to boost agriculture and farmers' income: know schemes run by the government

"PM Kisan Samman Sammelan 2022" was held recently connecting crores of farmers, Agri Start-ups, Researchers, Policymakers, Bankers and other stakeholders in an effort to boost agriculture and farmers' income by bringing in new technologies and policies.

Know about all the Schemes run for Farmers

Around 1500 start-ups participated in the Sammelan which acted as a connecting platform to link Startups, FPO, Agri-expert, and Corporates to Farmers around the country. Startups showcased their innovation related to Precision Farming, Post-Harvest & Value Add Solutions, Allied Agriculture, Waste to Wealth, Mechanization for Small Farmers, Supply Chain Management & Argi-Logistic that can be used to development of farmers and farming in the country.

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi:

Release Of 12th Instalment Of Rs. 16,000 Crores To Beneficiary Farmers:

  • The scheme was launched by the Prime Minister on 24 February 2019.
  • Under the scheme, eligible farmer families are provided a benefit of Rs. 6000/- per year in three equal instalments of Rs. 2000/- each, every four months.
  • The benefit is transferred directly to the bank accounts of eligible beneficiaries through Direct Benefit Transfer mode, using modern digital technology.
  • So far, more than Rs. 2 lakh crore has been allotted under PM-KISAN through 11 instalments.
  • Some Rs 1.6 lakh Crore was distributed during the peak of pandemic providing great relief to farmers during lockdown and the following period of economic distress.
  • With the 12th installment released yesterday, 17 October 2022, the total amount transferred to the beneficiaries has exceeded Rs 2.16 lakh Crore.
  • Over 11 crores farmers benefit from this scheme.

The scheme has been widely praised - both globally and nationally - for its humongous scale, transparency and seamless transfer of funds directly to the accounts of eligible farmers cutting out the middlemen and related corruption. This scheme helped farmers of the country to manage their day-to-day expenses during the COVID pandemic.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana RKVY-RAFTAAR

To promote agri start-ups in the country, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAFW) initiated Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana - Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied Sector Rejuvenation" (RKVY-RAFTAAR).

Partnership has been made with five knowledge organizations namely IARI, MANAGE, NIAM, AAU and US Dharwad, and 24 RABIs. The funding support is given up to Rs. 5 Lakh for pre-seed stage startups and Rs. 25 lakhs for seed stage startups. Besides, under RKVY RAFTAAR - more than 2500 agri- startups have been trained to address problems in the agriculture sector like small farm size, poor infrastructure, low use of farm technologies and best farming techniques, decrease of soil fertility due to over-fertilization and sustained pesticide use.

Launch Of 600 PM KISAN Samruddhi Kendras (PM-KSK)

Prime Minister has recently inauguarted 600 PM Kisan Samruddhi Kendras (PM-KSK). At present there are around 2.7 Lakh fertilizer retail shops in the country. They are company managed, co-operative shops or retailed to private dealers.

The government plans to convert the existing fertilizer retail shops into PM KISAN Samruddhi Kendras (PM-KSK). It will serve as the one stop shop to cater to the needs of the farmers in addition to providing...

  • Agri-inputs (fertilizers, seeds, implements)
  • Testing facilities for soil, seeds, fertilizers
  • Awareness among farmers
  • Information regarding various Government schemes and
  • Regular capacity building of retailers at block/ district level outlets.

In the pilot phase, at least one retail shop at each district level will be converted to model shop. It is proposed to covert 3, 30,499 retail fertilizer shops into PMKSK.

One Nation One Fertilizer Scheme For Farmers: Bharat Urea Bags

Know about all the Schemes run for Farmers

To minimize discrepancy in cost, movement and supply chain management of fertilizers, the government is going to introduce One Nation One Fertilizer Scheme for entire country.

It will be made mandatory for fertilizer companies to market their goods under the brand name "Bharat" to standardize fertilizer brands across the nation irrespective of the company that manufactures it. It may be "Bharat Urea, Bharat DAP, Bharat MOP, and Bharat NPK. Development of Single brand 'Bharat" for all fertilizers will lead to reduce criss-cross movement of fertilizers leading to high freight subsidy.

The centre has also introduced its own fertilizer brand "Bharat urea bags" participating in this movement.

Weekly Fertilizer International E-Magazine

The government has also introduced 'Indian Edge' - an international weekly fertilizer e-magazine. It will provide information on domestic & international fertilizer scenario including recent developments, price trends analysis, availability & consumption including Success stories of farmers.

PM-KISAN Scheme: Important Points

  • PM Kisan is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.
  • It is operational since 1 December 2018.
  • Under the scheme an income support of 6,000/- per year in three equal installments is provided to all land holding farmer families.
  • Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
  • State Government and UT administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
  • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
  • There are various Exclusion Categories for the scheme.

Who are excluded from the PM Kisan Scheme?

The following categories of beneficiaries of higher economic status shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme.

  • All Institutional Land holders.

Farmer families which belong to one or more of the following categories:.

  • Former and present holders of constitutional posts
  • Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils, former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
  • All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff /Class IV/Group D employees)
  • All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/-or more (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees) of above category
  • All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year
  • Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

Other Governmental Initiatives to benefit farmers and boost agriculture sector

Building Agri-Infra

Government is building agriculture infrastructure such as godowns, custom hiring centres, primary processing units, sorting and grading units, cold storages and much more so that a farmer can get a fair price for his/her produce. Private players are also encouraged to make such infrastructure and earn through them in a way that both the farmers and corporates can benefit. It will also help in minimizing grain and food rotting and maximizing supply chain.

Crop Insurance Scheme

Know about all the Schemes run for Farmers

Under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, farmers are provided with security cover in the unfortunate event of natural calamities. To connect with more farmers, 'Meri Policy, Mere Haath' campaign was also launched. The success of the PM crop insurance scheme can be judged from the fact that farmers have deposited approximately Rs 21,000 crore in premium, while they got Rs 1.15 lakh crore in claims against crop losses.

Kisan Rail Scheme

The Kisan Rail Scheme is a very important concept for smooth transportation of agricultural produce. It facilitates the operation of special trains for the movement of perishable agricultural products.

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