How To Become A Teacher In India

The teaching profession in India has undergone various changes over the past decades. Streamlining it, the government of India has brought in place a system of selection to recruit qualified teachers for teaching in the schools and colleges of the country.

Having an understanding of the norms to become a teacher in India can drive you closer to your goal of becoming one. There are different regulations and competitive exams that you need to clear for school and college teachers separately.

Types Of Teaching Employment

Types Of Teaching Employment

What Are The Teacher Grades In India For School Teachers?

For a government teacher job, teachers are categorised into three types:

PRT - Primary Teacher, TGT - Teacher Graduate Teacher and PGT - Post Graduate Teacher.

Educational Qualification For Becoming A School Teacher

Those who have completed their class 12 along with a diploma in teaching education (DEd) are eligible for PRT, graduates with a BEd are eligible for TGT and postgraduates with a BEd or an MEd are eligible for PGT.


TET refers to Teacher Eligibility Test. It is held at both the state and central level. Each state holds a TET for recruiting teachers into the state varsity. Each state holds it in different dates with different state prescribed syllabus. Around 20 states conduct this exam every year as per the regulations of the Government of India. Let's look at the list of them.

List Of State TET

List Of State TET

  • Andhra Pradesh TET -
  • Bihar TET -
  • Chhattisgarh TET -
  • Gujarat TET -
  • Haryana TET -
  • Himachal Pradesh TET -
  • Delhi TET -
  • Gujarat TET -
  • Goa TET -
  • Jammu Kashmir TET -
  • Madhya Pradesh TET -
  • Kerala TET -
  • Maharashtra TET -
  • Odisha TET -
  • Punjab TET -
  • Rajasthan TET -
  • Tamil Nadu TET -
  • Uttar Pradesh TET -
  • Uttarakhand TET -
  • West Bengal TET -


CTET is held for recruiting teachers into teaching jobs all over the country.

Where: CTET is held in around 92 cities in the country in about 20 languages.

Who: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will be conducting this exam every year.

Why: It is held for recruiting candidates to teach classes from 1 to 8.

Eligibility: BElEd or BEd

Teacher Grades For College Lecturers


University Grants Commission, National Eligibility Test, usually conducted by the CBSE, from this year on will be conducted by the National Testing Agency. It is held for recruiting Assistant Professors and Junior Research Fellows for college-level lecturing.

A fellowship is provided to graduates who wish to pursue doctoral studies. JRFs will be provided with a stipend for this purpose. Those who have a master's degree or PhD are eligible for this exam.

Exam Pattern

The UGC NET exam comprises three papers - paper I, paper II and paper III. The portions will be based on general knowledge and related subjects. The first two papers carry 100 marks each while paper III carries 150 marks.


Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) holds the National Eligibility Test for science graduates to take up a teaching or research profession in the field of life sciences, physical sciences, chemical sciences, mathematical sciences and earth atmospheric ocean and planetary sciences. Those who have a master's degree in science are eligible to apply.

Exam Pattern

This exam comprises only one paper for three hours. The questions will be based on different sciences. The paper has three parts - A, B and C. The questions will be in the form of MCQs, carrying 200 marks in total. The application process is online and the model question papers are available on the CSIR NET official website

For Quick Alerts
For Daily Alerts

Select a Field of Study
Select a Course
Select UPSC Exam
Select IBPS Exam
Select Entrance Exam

Thousands of Careerindia readers receive our evening newsletter.
Have you subscribed?

For great career opportunity, get instant updates on Education, Career & Job

Notification Settings X
Time Settings
Clear Notification X
Do you want to clear all the notifications from your inbox?
Settings X
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This includes cookies from third party social media websites and ad networks. Such third party cookies may track your use on Careerindia sites for better rendering. Our partners use cookies to ensure we show you advertising that is relevant to you. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on Careerindia website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time. Learn more