Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Gujarat on October 2, 1869. The father of the nation, a social reformer, and a freedom warrior worked relentlessly to free Bharat from the shackles of the British Raj, based on the principles of ahimsa (non-violence). We commemorate Gandhi Jayanti on October 2 to honour him, as the entire country is beholden to his efforts. Here is the essay on Gandhi Jayanti which the students can use according to their requirements.
On the 2nd of October, 1869, in the town of Porbandar in Gujarat state, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the man whom the world reveres as Mahatama Gandhi, was born. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Dewan of Porbandar State at the time. Putlibai, Mahatma Gandhi's mother, was a devout and God-fearing woman who had a profound influence on him as a child.
Mahatma Gandhi's family moved from Porbandar to Rajkot when he was a small child, and he was enrolled in the Alfred School.
Mahatma Gandhi married Kasturba Gandhi when he was 13 years old and she was 14 years old. Gandhi studied law in London and migrated to South Africa after a couple of years of failed practice in India. In South Africa, Gandhiji practiced law and battled for civil rights. In South Africa, he was the first to start a nonviolent protest movement.
While in South Africa, Gandhiji was awarded the title of Mahatma. In 1915, he returned to India and joined the fight for India's independence. In 1920, he was elected as the president of the Indian National Congress. Through various non-cooperation movements and fasts, he led the freedom struggle from the front lines and harnessed the strength of public support. The Dandi March in 1920 and the Quit India Movement in 1942 were two major movements during Gandhiji's lifetime.
Nathuram Godse assassinated Mahatma Gandhi on January 30, 1948, just six months after India gained independence.
Gandhi Jayanti is observed on October 2 all over India. It is a national holiday and a day on which the nation honours and commemorates Mahatma Gandhi. The International Day of Non-Violence is also observed on October 2 all throughout the world.