CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

  • Unit I: Nature and significance of Management
    • Management - concept, objectives and importance
    • Management as Science, Art and Profession
    • Levels of management
    • Management functions - planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling
    • Coordination - concept, characteristics and importance

  • Unit 2: Principles of Management
    • Principles of Management - concept, nature and significance
    • Fayol's principles of management
    • Taylor's Scientific Management - principles and techniques

  • Unit 3: Management and Business Environment
    • Business Environment - concept and importance
    • Dimensions of Business Environment - Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal
    • Impact of Government policy changes on business with special reference to liberalization, privatization and globalisation in India.

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  • Unit 4: Planning
    • Concept, importance and limitations
    • Planning process
    • Single use and Standing Plans - Objectives, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, Method, Rule, Budget and Programme.

  • Unit 5: Organising
    • Concept and importance.
    • Organizing Process.
    • Structure of organization - functional and divisional.
    • Formal and informal organization.
    • Delegation: concept, elements and importance.
    • Decentralization: concept and importance.

  • Unit 6: Staffing
    • Concept and importance of staffing
    • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management
    • Staffing process: Recruitment - sources; Selection - process
    • Training and Development - Concept and importance. Methods of training- on the job and off the job- Induction training, vestibule training,
    • apprenticeship training and internship training.

  • Unit 7: Directing
    • Concept and importance
    • Elements of Directing: - Supervision - concept, functions of a supervisor.; - Motivation - Concept, Maslow's hierarchy of needs; Financial and non-financial incentives.; - Leadership - concept, styles - authoritative, democratic and laissen faire.; - Communication - concept, formal and informal communication; barriers to effective; communication, how to overcome the barriers.

  • Unit 8: Controlling
    • Concept, nature and importance
    • Relationship between planning and controlling
    • Steps in the process of control

  • Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

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