CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World - II   (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives

 In Sub-unit 1.1 students are required to
choose any two themes. In that sub-unit,
theme 3 is compulsory and for second
theme students are required to choose any
one from the first two themes

Term II
Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes :
Any two of the following themes :


1. Nationalism in Europe :
(a) The growth of nationalism in
Europe after the 1830s. (b) The ideas
of Giuseppe Mazzini etc. (c) General
characteristics of the movements in
Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and
Greece. (Chapter 1)

2. Nationalist Movement in Indo China :
Factors leading to growth of
rationalism in India
(a) French colonialism in
Indochina. (b) Phases of struggle
against the French. (c) The ideas of
Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Boi Chau,
Nguyen Ac Quoc (d) The Second
World War and the liberation
struggle. (e) America and the second
Indochina war. (Chapter 2)

3. Nationalism in India : Civil
Disobedience Movement
(a) First World War, Khilafat and
Non-Cooperation. (b) Salt Satyagraha.
(c)Movements of peasnats, workers,
tribals(d) Activities of different
political groups. (Chapter 3)

4. Map work based on theme 3 only.
(2 Marks)

The theme will discuss the forms in
which nationalism developed along
with the formation of nation states in
Europe in the post - 1980 period.

Discuss the relationship / difference
between European nationalism and
anti-colonial nationalisms.

Point to the way the idea of the
nation states became generalized in
Europe and elsewhere.

Discuss the difference between
French colonialism in Indochina and
British colonialism in India.

Outline the different stages of the
anti-imperialist struggle in Indochina.

Familiarize the students with the
differences between nationalist
movements in Indo China and India.

Discuss the characteristics of Indian
nationalism through a case study of
Civil Disobedience Movement.

Analyze the nature of the diverse
social movements of the time.

Familiarize students with the writings
and ideals of different political groups
and individuals, notably Mahatma

Unit 2: India - Resources and their Development (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives

Term II
1. Mineral Resources: types of
minerals, distribution, use and
economic importance of minerals,
conversation. (Chapter 2)

2. Power Resources: types of power
resources: conventional and nonconventional, distribution and
utilization, and conservation.
(Chapter 3)

3. Manufacturing Industries: Types,
spatial distribution, contribution of
industries to the national economy,
industrial pollution and
degradation of environment,
measures to control degradation.
(One case study to be introduced).
(Chapter 7)
4. Transport, communication and
trade (2 Marks)

5. Map Work (3 marks) 

Explain various government policies for
institutional as well as technological reforms
since independence;
Understand the importance of forest and
wild life in our environment as well as
develop concept towards depletion of
Understand the importance of agriculture in
national economy;
Understand the importance of water as a
resource as well as develop awareness
towards its judicious use and conservation;
Discuss various types of minerals as well as
their uneven nature of distribution and
explain the need for their judicious
Discuss various types of conventional and
non-conventional resources and their
Discuss the importance of industries in the
national economy as well as understand the
regional disparities which resulted due to
concentration of industries in some area;
Discuss the need for a planned industrial
development and debate over the role of
government towards sustainable
To explain the importance of transport and
communication in the ever shrinking world;
To understand the role of trade in the
economic development of a country 

Project / Activity
Learners may collect photographs of typical rural houses and clothing of
people from different regions of India and examine whether they reflect any
relationship with climatic conditions and relief of the area.

Learners may write a brief report on various irrigation practices in the village
and the change in cropping pattern in the last decade.

Pollution of water in the locality.

Depletion of forests and the greenhouse effect.
Note: Any similar activities may be taken up.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics II (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives
 Term II
1. Competition and contestations in

democracy: How do struggles
shape democracy in favor of
ordinary people? What role do
political parties play in competition
and contestation? Which are the
major national and regional parties
in India? Why have social
movements come to occupy large
role in politics? (Chapter 2)

Analyze the relationship between
social cleavages and political
competition with reference to Indian
Understand and analyze the
challenges posed by communalism to
Indian democracy.
Understand the enabling and
disabling effects of caste and ethnicity
in politics.
Develop a gender perspective on
Introduce students to the centrality of
power sharing in a democracy.
Understand the working of spatial and
social power sharing mechanisms. 

Analyze federal provisions and
Understand the new Panchayati Raj
institutions in rural and urban areas.
Understand the vital role of struggle
in the expansion of democracy.
Analyze party systems in democracies.
Introduction to major political parties
in the country.

Understanding Economic Development - I


Term II
1. Outcomes of democracy:
Can or
should democracy be judged by its
outcomes? What outcomes can
one reasonably expect of
democracies? Does democracy in
India meet these expectations?
Has democracy led to
development, security and dignity
for the people? What sustains
democracy in India? (Chapter7)

2. Challenges to democracy: Is the
idea of democracy shrinking?
What are the major challenges to
democracy in India? How can
democracy be reformed and
deepened? What role can an
ordinary citizen play in deepening
democracy? (Chapter8)

Analyze the role of social movements
and non-party political formations
Introduction to the difficult question
of evaluating the functioning of
Develop the skills of evaluating Indian
democracy on some key dimensions:
development, security and dignity for
the people.
Understand the causes for
continuation of democracy in India.
Distinguish between sources of
strength and weaknesses of Indian
Reflect on the different kinds of
measures possible to deepen
Promote an active and participatory

Understanding Economic Development - II


Term II
1. Money and Credit :
Role of money
in an economy: Historical origin;
Formal and Informal financial
institutions for Savings and Credit -
General Introduction; Select one
formal institution such as a
nationalized commercial bank and
a few informal institutions; Local
money lenders, landlords, self-help
groups, chit funds and private
finance companies. (Chapter 3)

2. Globalization: What is
Globalization (through some
simple examples); How India is
being globalised and why;
Development Strategy prior to
1991; Strategies adopted in Reform
measures (easing of capital flows);
Different perspectives on
globalization and its impact on
different sectors; Political Impact
of globalization.
(Chapter 4)

3. Consumer Awareness: How
consumer is exploited (one or two
simple case studies) factors causing
exploitation of consumers; rise of
consumer awareness; how a
consumer should be in a market;
role of government in consumer
protection. (Chapter 5)

To make aware of major employment
generating sector.

Sensitize the learner of how and why
governments invest in such an
important sector.

Provide children with some idea
about how a particular economic
phenomenon is influencing their
surroundings and day-to-day life.

Making the child aware of his or her
rights and duties as a consumer;

Familiarizing the legal measures
available to protect from being
exploited in markets. 

Suggested Activities
Theme 2 :

Visit to banks and money lenders/ pawnbrokers and discuss various activities that
you have observed in banks in the classroom;
Participate in the meetings of self-help groups, which are engaged in micro credit
schemes in the locality of learners and observe issues discussed.
Theme 4:
Provide many examples of service sector activities. Use numerical examples, charts
and photographs.
Theme 5:
Collect logos of standards available for various goods and services. Visit a consumer
court nearby and discuss in the class the proceedings; Collect stories of consumer
exploitation and grievances from newspapers and consumer courts

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