CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World - II (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives

In Sub-unit 1.1 students are required to

choose any two themes. In that sub-unit,

theme 3 is compulsory and for second

theme students are required to choose any

one from the first two themes

Term II

Sub-unit 1.1 : Events and processes :


Any two of the following themes :

1. Nationalism in Europe :

(a) The growth of nationalism in

Europe after the 1830s. (b) The ideas

of Giuseppe Mazzini etc. (c) General

characteristics of the movements in

Poland, Hungary, Italy, Germany and

Greece. (Chapter 1)

2. Nationalist Movement in Indo China :

Factors leading to growth of

rationalism in India

(a) French colonialism in

Indochina. (b) Phases of struggle

against the French. (c) The ideas of

Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Boi Chau,

Nguyen Ac Quoc (d) The Second

World War and the liberation

struggle. (e) America and the second

Indochina war. (Chapter 2)

3. Nationalism in India : Civil

Disobedience Movement

(a) First World War, Khilafat and

Non-Cooperation. (b) Salt Satyagraha.

(c)Movements of peasnats, workers,

tribals(d) Activities of different

political groups. (Chapter 3)

4. Map work based on theme 3 only.

(2 Marks)

The theme will discuss the forms in

which nationalism developed along

with the formation of nation states in

Europe in the post - 1980 period.

Discuss the relationship / difference

between European nationalism and

anti-colonial nationalisms.

Point to the way the idea of the

nation states became generalized in

Europe and elsewhere.

Discuss the difference between

French colonialism in Indochina and

British colonialism in India.

Outline the different stages of the

anti-imperialist struggle in Indochina.

Familiarize the students with the

differences between nationalist

movements in Indo China and India.

Discuss the characteristics of Indian

nationalism through a case study of

Civil Disobedience Movement.

Analyze the nature of the diverse

social movements of the time.

Familiarize students with the writings

and ideals of different political groups

and individuals, notably Mahatma


Unit 2: India - Resources and their Development (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives

Term II

1. Mineral Resources: types of

minerals, distribution, use and

economic importance of minerals,

conversation. (Chapter 2)

2. Power Resources: types of power

resources: conventional and nonconventional, distribution and

utilization, and conservation.

(Chapter 3)

3. Manufacturing Industries: Types,

spatial distribution, contribution of

industries to the national economy,

industrial pollution and

degradation of environment,

measures to control degradation.

(One case study to be introduced).

(Chapter 7)

4. Transport, communication and

trade (2 Marks)

5. Map Work (3 marks)

Explain various government policies for

institutional as well as technological reforms

since independence;

Understand the importance of forest and

wild life in our environment as well as

develop concept towards depletion of


Understand the importance of agriculture in

national economy;

Understand the importance of water as a

resource as well as develop awareness

towards its judicious use and conservation;

Discuss various types of minerals as well as

their uneven nature of distribution and

explain the need for their judicious


Discuss various types of conventional and

non-conventional resources and their


Discuss the importance of industries in the

national economy as well as understand the

regional disparities which resulted due to

concentration of industries in some area;

Discuss the need for a planned industrial

development and debate over the role of

government towards sustainable


To explain the importance of transport and

communication in the ever shrinking world;

To understand the role of trade in the

economic development of a country

Project / Activity

Learners may collect photographs of typical rural houses and clothing of

people from different regions of India and examine whether they reflect any

relationship with climatic conditions and relief of the area.

Learners may write a brief report on various irrigation practices in the village

and the change in cropping pattern in the last decade.


Pollution of water in the locality.

Depletion of forests and the greenhouse effect.

Note: Any similar activities may be taken up.

Unit 3: Democratic Politics II (45 Periods)

Themes Objectives
Term II

1. Competition and contestations in

democracy: How do struggles

shape democracy in favor of

ordinary people? What role do

political parties play in competition

and contestation? Which are the

major national and regional parties

in India? Why have social

movements come to occupy large

role in politics? (Chapter 2)

Analyze the relationship between

social cleavages and political

competition with reference to Indian


Understand and analyze the

challenges posed by communalism to

Indian democracy.

Understand the enabling and

disabling effects of caste and ethnicity

in politics.

Develop a gender perspective on


Introduce students to the centrality of

power sharing in a democracy.

Understand the working of spatial and

social power sharing mechanisms.

Analyze federal provisions and


Understand the new Panchayati Raj

institutions in rural and urban areas.

Understand the vital role of struggle

in the expansion of democracy.

Analyze party systems in democracies.

Introduction to major political parties

in the country.

Understanding Economic Development - I


Term II

1. Outcomes of democracy: Can or

should democracy be judged by its

outcomes? What outcomes can

one reasonably expect of

democracies? Does democracy in

India meet these expectations?

Has democracy led to

development, security and dignity

for the people? What sustains

democracy in India? (Chapter7)

2. Challenges to democracy: Is the

idea of democracy shrinking?

What are the major challenges to

democracy in India? How can

democracy be reformed and

deepened? What role can an

ordinary citizen play in deepening

democracy? (Chapter8)

Analyze the role of social movements

and non-party political formations

Introduction to the difficult question

of evaluating the functioning of


Develop the skills of evaluating Indian

democracy on some key dimensions:

development, security and dignity for

the people.

Understand the causes for

continuation of democracy in India.

Distinguish between sources of

strength and weaknesses of Indian


Reflect on the different kinds of

measures possible to deepen


Promote an active and participatory


Understanding Economic Development - II


Term II

1. Money and Credit : Role of money

in an economy: Historical origin;

Formal and Informal financial

institutions for Savings and Credit -

General Introduction; Select one

formal institution such as a

nationalized commercial bank and

a few informal institutions; Local

money lenders, landlords, self-help

groups, chit funds and private

finance companies. (Chapter 3)

2. Globalization: What is

Globalization (through some

simple examples); How India is

being globalised and why;

Development Strategy prior to

1991; Strategies adopted in Reform

measures (easing of capital flows);

Different perspectives on

globalization and its impact on

different sectors; Political Impact

of globalization.

(Chapter 4)

3. Consumer Awareness: How

consumer is exploited (one or two

simple case studies) factors causing

exploitation of consumers; rise of

consumer awareness; how a

consumer should be in a market;

role of government in consumer

protection. (Chapter 5)

To make aware of major employment

generating sector.

Sensitize the learner of how and why

governments invest in such an

important sector.

Provide children with some idea

about how a particular economic

phenomenon is influencing their

surroundings and day-to-day life.

Making the child aware of his or her

rights and duties as a consumer;

Familiarizing the legal measures

available to protect from being

exploited in markets.

Suggested Activities

Theme 2 :

Visit to banks and money lenders/ pawnbrokers and discuss various activities that

you have observed in banks in the classroom;

Participate in the meetings of self-help groups, which are engaged in micro credit

schemes in the locality of learners and observe issues discussed.

Theme 4:

Provide many examples of service sector activities. Use numerical examples, charts

and photographs.

Theme 5:

Collect logos of standards available for various goods and services. Visit a consumer

court nearby and discuss in the class the proceedings; Collect stories of consumer

exploitation and grievances from newspapers and consumer courts

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