It is very common nowadays for 10th or 12th class graduates to take up diploma or degree courses through polytechnics. This is contrary to the usual norm where students are expected to complete 12th standard and enrol for a 3-year degree in most cases, which typically meant the formal completion of 15 (12 + 3) years of education.
Are you trying to figure out the various benefits associated with polytechnic courses? For instance, what kind of courses one could enrol in through a polytechnic? Or, what may be the various career prospects that a polytechnic could offer in comparison to a degree college? Let us explore!
What Is A Polytechnic?
A polytechnic broadly refers to an institute or school that provides vocational courses in technical domains, industrial arts or applied sciences. It usually offers certificate, diploma or post-diploma courses for a total duration of 2 or 3 years depending on the course. You could refer to an engineering diploma course by a polytechnic as a pre-engineering course that easily provides hands-on exposure to an individual in specialised fields.
Most of the polytechnics in India that are often run by state governments, along with the self-financed private institutes, offer various certificate or diploma courses in the engineering or industrial domain or the applied sciences.
These courses could be from domains such as mechanical, electronic, electrical, civil, computer, arts, animation, journalism, media, design, business management, etc. Taking up one of these courses could make you eligible for a job in the private or government sectors.
How Is A Polytechnic Different To A University?
A polytechnic would help you achieve practical knowledge of training on the basic level. After attaining a polytechnic diploma, you could straightaway apply for jobs in the same field and often in the government or private sectors.
Basically, the practical knowledge is focused upon in a polytechnic, with lesser weightage to the theory part. This is mainly to make the student well versed with the basic technical concepts. The total duration of courses in polytechnics could be upto 2-3 years.
A university, on the other hand, focuses on the theoretical aspects of the course along with the professional growth of the student. It also provides practical exposure by means of lab assignments or projects. The total duration of engineering courses, such as BE or BTech, as offered by universities could be 3-4 years.
Interestingly, many students who opt for diploma courses through polytechnics after completing 10th, further opt for degree courses through universities. It is easier for them to directly enrol in the 2nd year of the degree course at the university because of the foundation they already built through their course completed at the polytechnic. Many students even opt for jobs immediately after their polytechnic course gets over, and pursue their degree course while working. So, basically they earn while they learn!
Various Courses Offered By Polytechnics
Both government and privately owned polytechnics in India offer a variety of courses. They can be broadly categorised into two divisions:
• Diploma in technical domain (engineering related)
• Diploma in non-technical domain (arts, sciences, etc.)
Some of the diploma courses from both technical and non-technical domains are mentioned below:
• Mechanical Engineering
• Electronics and Telecommunications
• Petroleum Engineering
• Aeronautical Engineering
• Computer Science Engineering
• Biotechnology Engineering
• Automobile Engineering
• Chemical Engineering
• Agricultural Engineering
• Diploma in Textile Engineering
• Infrastructure Engineering
• IT Engineering
• Plastics Engineering
• Power Engineering
• Metallurgy Engineering
• Fashion Design
• Interior Design & Decoration
• Textile Design
• Library & Information sciences
• Animation arts
• Media & Communications
• Business Management
Some of the most popular polytechnics in India are:
• Government Polytechnic , Mumbai
• Chhotu Ram Polytechnic, Rohtak
• MEI Polytechnic, Bangalore
• Agnel Polytechnic, Navi Mumbai
• Adesh Polytechnic College, Muktsar
• V.P.M.'s Polytechnic, Mumbai
• Government Polytechnic, Pune
• Vivekanand Education Society's Polytechnic, Mumbai
• S H Jondhale Polytechnic, Mumbai
• Anjuman Polytechnic, Nagpur
Benefits Of Availing A Course Through Polytechnics
If you decide to take up a course, especially an engineering course through a polytechnic, you can be assured of certain advantages. Some of them are listed below.
1. Lesser Duration
If you plan to start working immediately after the 2-3-year-long diploma course, then you can very well sustain yourself. In case you decide to go ahead with a degree course, even then you could figure out an option to work simultaneously, depending on the job requirements, field of work, etc. Or, you could simply enrol for a regular degree course into the 2nd year, immediately after completion of the diploma.
In case the diploma is 2 years long, then ideally your engineering degree would be completed in a total duration of 5 years, as compared to 6 years through the usual channel of 2 years of schooling after 10th, and 4 years of engineering degree through a university.
2. Excellent Practical Exposure
As mentioned earlier, polytechnics follow the approach of more of practical exposure than theoretical knowledge. Because of which, the technical knowledge of a polytechnic student may be better in comparison to a student who has graduated 12th class.
3. Reasonable Fees
As compared to BTech, BE or any other degree course, diploma through polytechnics is more affordable.
4. Change Of Stream
It is one of the best advantages in case of a polytechnic. In case you decide to pursue a further degree later, you will have the option of switching fields.
5. Easy Transition To Further Studies
After completion of the polytechnic course, you will be in a better position in terms of the knowledge and practical exposure of subjects, as compared to other students.
Notable In Case Of Polytechnic Course/Diploma
Considering all the benefits that a polytechnic course or diploma offers, it is clear now that the certification or knowledge that you gain through it, may be almost at par with a degree course. However, one thing is worth mentioning here. It is always advisable to pursue further education or enhance your skills after completing the polytechnic course.
This is because, for a diploma holder, the career options may be limited in terms of overall professional growth or promotions as compared to that of a BTech professional. Therefore, it's a good idea to keep looking for options to improve your professional profile by opting for additional technical certifications or courses or degrees.