NSSO Survey: Tech Education Costs 9 times More Than General Education

New Delhi: Pursuing higher education a dream too high as the Technical education costs nine times more than general education, says NSSO survey.


Student pursuing general eduction spent around Rs 6,788 for an academic session while Rs 62,841 would be spent on technical or professional education and Rs 27,676 spent for vocational course.

NSSO Survey: Tech Education Costs 9 times More

"Overall the private expenditure on technical/professional courses and vocational education was about nine times and four times respectively than that on general education," finds survey.

In 2007-08, the spending on technical/professional courses and vocational education was 13 times and six times more as compared to expenditure on general education.

The survey found that the private spending on technical education in private aided and unaided institutions varied between nearly 1.5-2.5 times of that in government institutions.

However, student's private expenditure were calculated according the course fees (including tuition fees, examination fees etc.), purchase of books, stationery and uniforms, expenses on conveyance, private coaching, etc.

Thus, the course fee which the student spends will force him/her to curtail all other private expenditure on education as the fee accounts 46% of the general education and 73% of the expenditure for technical education.

Pointing the statistics on other private expenses the survey reveals, "Students pursuing general courses were spend more (15%) on private coaching as against 3% those who were pursuing technical/professional education (including vocational)."

Besides, students who had opted general courses spent more (22%) on books as compared to those pursuing technical/professional courses.

While in states like Delhi, Haryana and Chandigarh the private expenditure of the students pursuing general education increased more than double of national average of Rs 6,788.

The expenditure in Delhi was Rs 19,491, followed by Chandigarh (Rs 18,426), Haryana (Rs 13,905 and Punjab (Rs 12,600).

The findings are part of a survey on 'Social Consumption: Education' (January to June 2014), conducted by the NSSO.

Calculations at primary level in both urban and rural areas shows,"Expenditure per student in urban areas was Rs 10,083, more than four times than in rural areas, pegged at Rs 2,811."

Meanwhile, it was also found that an average expenditure for female students was more than their male counterparts in rural areas at the graduation and post-graduation level.

The survey has also come up with the majority of students studying in urban and rural areas at government institutions indicates that " Students in rural areas were attending government institutions predominantly up to higher secondary levels, whereas a completely different picture was observed in urban areas."

"In rural areas, 72% of the students study at primary level, 76% at upper primary level and 64% at secondary and higher secondary level attended government institutions."

"Whereas in urban areas, 31% students study at primary level, 38% at upper primary level as well as secondary and higher secondary level, attended government institutions.

"Apparently, the proportion of persons having completed higher level of education, say, graduation and above, was more in the urban areas than in the rural areas. In the rural areas, nearly 4.5% of males and 2.2% of females completed education level of graduation and above, while in urban areas 17% of males and 13% of females completed this level of education," says the survey.

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