The California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has again been named the world's top university by the Times Higher Education Global Ranking. It is the third year in a row that the British organisation ranked Caltech first among the top 200 universities around the world, Xinhua reported citing a Caltech announcement on Wednesday.
b, Oxford University, Stanford University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology round out the next four top institutes in the 2013-2014 rankings.
Thirteen performance indicators, including research (worth 30 percent of a school's overall ranking score), teaching (30 percent), citations (30 percent), international outlook (which includes, the total numbers of international students and faculty), the ratio of scholarly papers with international collaborators (7.5 percent), and industry income (a measure of innovation worth 2.5 percent), make up the data of the ranking. Located in Pasadena, southern California, Caltech is a private research university with about 2,200 students on its rolls.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (fifth), Princeton University (sixth), the University of Cambridge (seventh), University of California, Berkeley (up one place to eighth), the University of Chicago (up one place to ninth) and Imperial College London (down two places to 10th) complete the top 10.
Europe has generally fared low this year. While the UK's number one, Oxford, holds on to second place in the table, almost across the board the continent's top institutions lose ground: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Z rich, the world number one outside the US and the UK, slips two places to 14th; Germany's University of Munich falls out of the top 50; and it is a similar tale of woe for Belgium, France, the Netherlands, the Republic of Ireland and Austria.
The UK remains Europe's strongest representative, with 31 universities in the top 200. The Netherlands has 12 players, followed by Germany with 10 (down from 11 last year), France with eight, Switzerland with seven and Belgium with five (one more than last year).
Japan's University of Tokyo maintains its status as Asia's number one, and moves up four places to 23rd.
The National University of Singapore holds on to second in the region, moving from 29th to 26th and overtaking Australia's University of Melbourne in the process. South Korea's Seoul National University moves into the top 50 for the first time (44th), followed by the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (up from 68th to 56th). Peking University in China creeps up one place to 45th, while its close rival, Tsinghua University, rises two places to join 50th.
The University of Hong Kong is one of the few leading East Asian institutions which has not improved its position, falling eight places to 43rd. However, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (57th) and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (joint 109th) both make significant gains.