1. History of Hindi Language
i) Grammatical and Lexical features of Apabhramsa, Avahatta and early Hindi.
ii) Evolution of avadhi and Braj Bhasa as literary language during the Medieval period.
iii) Evolution of Khari Boli Hindi as Literary language during the 19th century
iv) Standardization of Hindi language with Devanagari script.
v) Development of Hindi as Rashtra Bhasha during the Freedom struggle.
vi) Development of Hindi as official language of Indian Union since Independence.
vii) Major Dialects of Hindi and their inter-relationship.
viii) Significant grammatical features of standard Hindi.
2. History of Hindi Literature :
i) Chief Characteristics of the major periods of Hindi literature; Viz, Adi Kal, Bhakti Kal, Riti Kal, Bhartendu Kal and Dwivedi Kal, etc.
ii) Significant features of the main literary trends, and tendencies in Modern Hindi, viz., Chayavad Rahasyavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, Nayi Kavita, Nayi Kahanai, Akavita, etc.
iii) Rise of Novel and Realism in Modern Hindi.
iv) A brief history of theatre and drama in Hindi.
v) Theories of literary criticism in Hindi and major Hindi literary critics.
vi) Origin and development of literary genres in Hindi.
PAPER - II
This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to
test the candidate's critical ability.
- Kabir : Kabir Granthavali by Shyam Sundar Das (200 Stanzas from the beginning)
- Surdas : Bhramara Geet Saar (200 Stanzas from the beginning only)
- Tulsidas : Ramacharit manas (Ayodhyakand only) Kavitavali (Uttarkand only)
- Bharatendu Harischandra : Andher Nagari
- Prem Chand : Godan, Manas sarovar (Bhag Ek)
- Jayashanker : Chandragupta
- Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta, Shradha Dajja & Ida only)
- Ramachandra Shukla : Chintamani (Pahila Bhag) (10 Essays from the beginning)
- Suryakant : Anamika (Saroj Smriti)
- Tripathi Nirala : Ramki Shakti (Pooja only)
- S.H. Vatsayan : Shekar K. Jeevani (Two Parts),
- Agyena : (Two Parts)
- Gajanan Madhav : (Chand Ka Mukh Terha Hei)
- Muktibodh : (Andhere mem only)