World Toilet Day is celebrated on the 19th of November every year to promote steps toward achieving 100% sanitation for the world by 2030 as part of UN Development Goal 6 (SDG 6). The day is celebrated since 2013 after the UN adopted a resolution on 24 July 2013 declaring it 'World Toilet Day.'
World Toilet Day 2022 Theme:
The theme of World Toilet Day 2022 is 'Sanitation and Groundwater' & campaign title is 'Making the invisible visible, same as World Water Day 2022.
World Toilet Day 2022: History
Before it became an UN-backed Global Day, 'Toilet day' came into existence way back on November 19, 2001, following the efforts of a Singaporean philanthropist named Jack Sim. He founded the World Toilet Organization on the same day.
The toilet is only a component of the broad sanitation infrastructure that includes managing all kinds of solid and liquid waste coming through various sources.
World Toilet Day 2022: Significance
3.6 billion people in the world lack proper access to toilets and sanitation. Bad sanitation leads to contaminated drinking water sources, rivers, beaches and food crops, spreading deadly diseases among the masses.
The campaign draws attention to the fact that toilets - and the sanitation systems that support them - are underfunded, poorly managed or neglected in many parts of the world, with devastating consequences for health, economics and the environment, particularly in the poorest and most marginalized communities.
On the other hand, for every $1 invested in basic sanitation up to $5 is returned in saved medical costs. As an added benefit, it also increases productivity and generates new jobs as part of the sanitation service chain.
For women and girls, toilets at home, school and work help them fulfil their potential and play their full role in society, especially during menstruation and pregnancy.
World Toilet Day 2022: Interesting Facts
- A whopping 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces.
- Every day, over 700 children under five years old die from diarrhoea linked to unsafe water, sanitation and poor hygiene.
- The world is terribly falling behind the goal of achieving 100% sanitation for all and it is estimated that governments around the globe will have to work four times faster to ensure SDG 6.2 is achieved on time.
'Making the invisible visible' campaign
The World Toilet Day 2022 campaign, called 'Making the invisible visible,' focuses on the impact of the sanitation crisis on groundwater, exploring how inadequate sanitation systems spread human waste into rivers, lakes and soil, polluting underground water resources.
Groundwater is the world's most abundant source of freshwater. It supports drinking water supplies, sanitation systems, farming, industry and ecosystems. As climate change worsens and populations grow, groundwater is vital for human survival.
How is India Performing?
India and her efforts towards sanitation goals
India launched Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014 with the objective to make the country - particularly the rural areas - open defecation-free (ODF) by 2nd October 2019. The plan was to provide access to toilets to all the rural households of the country. Under the scheme, a mammoth 10.9 crore individual household latrines (IHHLs) have been constructed.
As per NARSS 2019-20 report, 95.2% of the rural population having a toilet in their house are using it. The paucity of water is a major reason for the rest 5% of the household to shun the use of toilets built. This might have been one of the impetus to launch the Jal Jeevan Mission in 2019. The goal of Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide a tap water connection to every household by 2024. The availability of fresh drinking water in every household will go a long way in achieving our sanitation goals.