Since time immemorial, the Indian education system has been the envy of the world. Right since the time of the Indus Valley Civilisation, knowledge had been passed on from one generation to the other. What initially had the spoken form, soon became written texts. Scientific and mathematical marvels were achieved. Somewhere within this period, Aryabhatta discovered the number 0, a discovery that completely changed the world of mathematics. As millennia passed by, centres of learning were established and universities like Nalanda passed on the torch of education from one generation to the other.
Overtime, the Indian education system moved from strength to strength. Today half the software engineers in the United States are those of Indian origin. However, the other side of the story here is the fact that the highest number of academics-related suicides happen in this country. With every passing year, more and more students are falling prey to depression and anxiety issues.
A great majority of the engineers that are produced in the country today are unemployable. All of these cumulatively hint at the fact that there is indeed something that is wrong with the Indian education system. This article throws light at some of the ways in which we can bring about a change by improving the education system.
• Skill-based Learning
As of now, the Indian education system is such that everyone is forced to study science and math. If this system can be revamped to identify the strengths of a student, then they can be given appropriate training in the chosen field. This will ensure that the child shines in that particular field.
• Rural Education
A sad thing about the Indian education system is the fact that its focus is only on urban clusters. There are hardly any decent centres of learning in the rural areas. This is especially true in terms of higher education. If a country has to actually develop, urban and rural development have to go hand in hand.
• Gender Neutral Education
The Indian education system has always favoured men over the fairer sex. The major change that must be brought about is to involve women in the same. Particularly subjects that are now considered to be the strength of men alone (like carpentry, engineering, etc.) should be made more accessible to women. Pioneer women in these fields should be given due encouragement and appreciation.
• Teacher Training
India has a very good quality of dedicated teachers. However, the sad fact here is the fact that after they join this service, they receive little or no training. In such a situation, giving them periodic training will not just ensure that they are updated with the changing times, but will also improve the entire education scene of the country by leaps and bounds.
As in every other sector, the Indian education sector is one that suffers from the acute death of infrastructure. Most of the government schools do not even have proper chairs, tables, restrooms, let alone a playground, libraries and laboratories.
Thus, the first step in revamping the education scene in the country should begin with improving the infrastructure so that the students are given an environment where they can learn to the best of their abilities.
• Subsidising Professional Courses
It is a sad reality that many meritorious students are not able to afford professional courses because of the sheer expense involved in the same. This is all the way truer in case of students from the general category who do not have access to many scholarships.
In such a situation subsidising the cost of professional education will ensure that the same is within the reach of deserving students from the lower and lower middle class strata of the Indian society.
• Basic Computing In Rural Areas
On one hand, India is a land of IT giants; on the other, rural India is completely digitally ill-equipped. In a situation like this, the first change that the education system must bring forward is to start free computing classes for skill development in rural areas. Only then will rural India move in the same pace as that of the urban Digital India and the country will embark on the journey of development.
• Make Sports Compulsory
One of the main reasons for the alarming rise in suicide amongst students in the country is the fact that they cannot handle stress. That in turn is because they are subjected to too much mental pressure. By making sports compulsory it can be ensured that all the students indulge in some sort of some physical activity. This will lead to their mind performing better and enable them to grasp their theory lessons well.
• Educate Parents
Most of the times it is seen that the children's woes centre around that of their parents. In the Indian scenario, parents are the ones who force their wards into a career they do not like. As a result students do not excel and upon failing to meet their parents expectations, they suffer from a number of mental health issues.
To prevent such a thing from happening, the first step that must be taken is to educate the parents about the different career options that are available to the students and the possible scope of future in them.
• Remove The Reservation System
The reservation system in India has been so obsessed with providing the best of opportunities to the reserved that it misses out on many opportunities for the ones who actually deserve the same. This results in not just personal loss for certain people but also brain drain for the entire country and fosters a massive loss to the nation's economy.
Removal of the reservation system will ensure equal opportunities for all and in turn ensure greater innovation in the country.