The President of the Republic of India is the Head of State of India and the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The President is indirectly elected by the people through elected members of both the Houses of the Parliament of India, the Legislative Assemblies of all the states of India and the Legislative Assembly of the Union Territory of Puducherry, as well as, the Legislative Assembly of the National Capital Territory of Delhi and serves for a renewable term of five years.
The President resides in an estate known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan is situated in Raisina Hill in New Delhi.
The 13th and current President is Pranab Mukherjee, who was elected on 22 July 2012, and sworn in on 25 July 2012. He is also the first Bengali to be elected as President.
Pranab Mukherjee was born on December 11, 1935, and is the 13th President of India from 2012 to present.
He attended the Suri Vidyasagar College in Suri (Birbhum). He earned an MA degree in Political Science and History and also LL.B.degree both from the University of Calcutta.
Pratibha Patil was born on December 19, 1934 and is an Indian Politician who served as the 12th President Of India from 2007- 2012.
She was educated initially at R. R. Vidyalaya, Jalgaon, and subsequently was awarded a Master's degree in Political Science and Economics by Mooljee Jetha College, Jalgaon (then under Pune University), and then a Bachelor of Law degree by Government Law College, Mumbai, affiliated to the University of Mumbai. Patil then began to practice law at the Jalgaon District Court, while also taking interest in social issues such as improving the conditions faced by Indian women.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam better known as A.P. J. Abdul Kalam October (1931 - 27 July 2015) was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
A career scientist turned statesman.
He completed his education at the Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Kalam went on to attend Saint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954.He moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology.
K. R. Narayan
K. R. Narayan ( February 4, 1921- Nov 9, 2005) was the tenth President of India.
Narayanan had his early schooling in Uzhavoor at the Government Lower Primary School, Kurichithanam
Narayanan obtained his B. A. (Honours) and M.A. in English literature from the University of Travancore (1940-43) (present day University of Kerala), standing first in the university (thus becoming the first Dalit to obtain this degree with first class in Travancore).
Shankar Dayal Sharma
Shankar Dayal Sharma (19 August 1918 - 26 December 1999) was the ninth President of India, serving from 1992 to 1997.
He was educated at St. John's College, Agra College, Punjab University and Lucknow University. He obtained his Doctorate in Law from Fitzwilliam College, University of Cambridge Sharma was awarded the Chakravarti Gold Medal for Social Service by Lucknow University.
Ramaswamy Venkataraman (4 December 1910- 27 January 2009) who served as the eighth President of India.
Educated locally and in the city of Madras, Venkataraman obtained his master's degree in Economics from Loyola College, Madras. He later qualified in Law from the Law College, Madras. Venkataraman was enrolled in the Madras High Court in 1935 and in the Supreme Court in 1951.
Gyani Zail Singh
Gyani Zail Singh (5 May 1916 - 25 December 1994) was the 7th President of India, serving from 1982 to 1987.
He was educated and learned about Guru Granth Sahib at Shaheed Sikh Missionary College in Amritsar.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (19 May 1913 - 1 June 1996) was the sixth President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982.
He studied at the Theosophical High School at Adayar in Madras and later enrolled at the Government Arts College at Anantapur, an affiliate of the University of Madras, as an undergraduate in 1958, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupatibestowed the degree of Honorary Doctor of Laws.
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (13 May 1905 - 11 February 1977) was the 5th President of India from 1974 to 1977.
Ahmed was educated at the Government High School in Gonda district, United Provinces, and matriculated from the Delhi Government High School. He attended St. Stephen's College, Delhi, and St Catharine's College, Cambridge. He was called to the Bar from the Inner Temple of London and began legal practice in the Lahore High Court in 1928.
Zakir Husain (8 February 1897 - 3 May 1969) was the 3rd President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969. An educator and intellectual.
Husain's early primary education was done in Hyderabad. He completed High school from Islamia High School, Etawah, and was then educated at the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, now Aligarh Muslim University, where he was a prominent student leader. He received his doctorate in economics from the University of Berlin in 1926.