On November 15, 2022, the world's population surpassed 8 billion, according to the UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund). In 2011, the world's population was 7 billion, and today, only 12 years later, we have reached an 8 billion population.
The next 7 billion people increased in the world's population in just over 200 years from the start of civilization, or around 1800 AD. The world population will likely stabilize at around 10.5 billion if current trends continue.
Sevenfold Increase In Population
The globe's population increased to one billion people after hundreds of thousands of years; then, it increased sevenfold in just another 200 years or so. The world population crossed the seven billion threshold in 2011 and is anticipated to reach eight billion in November 2022. Large-scale migration, rapid urbanization, and significant changes in fertility rates have all contributed to this substantial development, primarily driven by an increase in the proportion of individuals living to reproductive age. Future generations will be affected significantly by these developments. One of the main contributors to the world's population statistics collection, UNFPA aids developing nations in recognizing and comprehending such patterns.
Fertility rates and life expectancy have significantly changed in recent decades. By 2021, the average global fertility rate has decreased to 2.3 children per woman from the early 1970s average of 4.5 children per woman. The average global longevity has increased from 64 years in the early 1990s to 71 years in 2021. (Actually, the COVID-19 pandemic's effects led to a decrease in global life expectancy from 73 years in 2019).
Population Growth: Reasons
The development of modern medicine and the lessening of poverty worldwide over the past two centuries have contributed significantly to the increase in the world's population. Due to the huge decrease in infant, child, and maternal mortality, life expectancy has increased.
Despite declining, fertility rates have not decreased as quickly as mortality rates. There are more women of reproductive age than ever before due to higher fertility rates historically and increased survival rates. Even though these women generally have fewer children, this will result in significant births.
Additionally, urbanization and migration are also accelerating globally. In 2007, more people lived in cities than in rural areas for the first time, and by 2050, roughly 68% of the world's population would reside in urban areas.
One of the biggest organizations supporting the gathering of demographic data is UNFPA. UNFPA collaborates with civil society, healthcare professionals, policymakers, and educators at all levels to advance sexual and reproductive health and rights, including voluntary family planning and supporting censuses and surveys.
Additionally, UNFPA provides a wide range of programming to assist nations in developing their capacity to handle population dynamics holistically, minimizing adverse effects and maximizing positive potential.
Depending on the birth rate, some nations' populations continue to grow quickly while others are starting to contract. However, a general lack of options is present regardless of which direction these trends are heading. Too many people lack access to sexual and reproductive health care and awareness, including contraception and sex education, as a result of discrimination, poverty, and crises, as well as oppressive policies that violate the reproductive rights of females.
An important shift in the global balance of power is concealed behind this basic outline. If power comes in numbers, the 21st century belongs to Asia and Africa. 31% of the world's population lived together in Europe and North America in 1900. According to UN estimates, it currently makes up 14% of the world's population; by 2050, that percentage is predicted to fall below 12%. China's population, which made up 25% of the world's in 1900, will drop to 14% by 2050.