July 20 is observed as a pivotal moment in world history. In 1969, it was the first time a man walked on the moon. Apollo 11 landed men on the Moon for the first time in a mission that defined an era about 52 years ago. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilots Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins were aboard the Apollo 11 spacecraft.
On this day in 1969, Neil Armstrong, as he took first steps on the surface of the moon, he said the first words to the entire Earth, "That one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
In 1971, then-US President Richard Nixon declared National Moon Day to commemorate the anniversary of man's first landing on the moon.
History And Significance
The mission was broadcasted live for millions of people all around the world. After the mission's completion, NASA described the landing as "the single greatest technological achievement of all time."
As the sky opened up to new possibilities and explorations, July 20 became one of the most significant days not only in the history of the United States but also in the history of the globe.
NASA increased its attempts to send more missions to the world as a result of Apollo 11's accomplishments.
Facts About The First Moon Landing
- On July 16, a Saturn V rocket launched the 5th mission of NASA's Apollo programme from the Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida.
- The spacecraft was divided into three sections: a Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts, a Service Module that provided electrical power, oxygen, and water to the Command Module, and a Lunar Module for the Moon landing.
- The only part that landed back on Earth was the command module.
- The major purpose of Apollo 11 was to achieve President John F. Kennedy's May 25, 1961, national goal of performing a crewed lunar landing and returning to Earth.
- Only two men, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked to the Moon while three left Earth. Michael Collins had to stay in the spacecraft since he was the module pilot.
- Armstrong and Aldrin stayed on the moon's surface for 21 hours and 36 minutes.
- On the surface, the astronauts walked for about a kilometre. The imprints that they made on the surface of the moon are still visible.
- The spacecraft had landed on the 'Sea of Tranquillity,' a flat section of the moon.
- It is said that the spacecraft had barely 30 seconds of fuel left when it landed on the lunar surface.
- The Apollo computers didn't have the dispensation power that today's smartphones do.
- The first drink consumed on the lunar surface was wine.
- Before departing the Earth's surface, the astronauts signed hundreds of autographs.