Established in 1959 and popularly known as Indian Institute of Technology Chennai, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, or IITM or IIT Madras, it is one of the best institutes in the field of engineering in India. It is ranked very high at the national level and offers education in basic and applied research and advanced technology.
It is a premier institute that is autonomous in nature. Under the Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 2011, it was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the Government of India.
Indian Institute of Technology Madras is approved and recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi, and as an Institute of National Importance (INI), by the Government of India. The ISO 9001:2008 Certification has been awarded to the institute.
Indian Institute of Technology Madras aims at providing knowledge to the students about recent trends by focusing on their chosen fields of study. It also encourages a wide variety of activities so that students can gain practical experience. This is done through collaborations with various institutes and industries.
In order to upgrade the standard of technical education in India and to expand its reach, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, set up the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, which is one of the three new IITs set up by the government.
The Chairman of the Council is the Minister of Human Resource and Development, Govt. of India. Each of the IIT's has a Board of Governors who are responsible for the control and administration of the institutes.
In 1956, it all began. The then prime minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru went to West Germany for an official visit. It was then that the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany offered him assistance to set up a technical institute in the country to impart higher education. In 1959, in Bonn, West Germany, the 1st Indo-German agreement was signed.
The Government of West Germany provided academic, financial and technical assistance to set up IIT Madras. This was the biggest educational project that the West German Government was sponsoring outside their country at that time.
In 1959, the then Union Minister for Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs, Prof Humayun Kabir, inaugurated the institute. After this, there have been many international collaborations in research with many institutions and universities in Germany.
Although the German Government has stopped providing official support, a number of research endeavors like the Humboldt Fellowships and DAAD programmes still exist.
At IIT Madras, undergraduate, postgraduate and research degrees are offered in sixteen disciplines in humanities, sciences, engineering, and management. Every year the IT Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Advanced) is conducted through which students are selected.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has conferred the title of "College with Potential for Excellence (CPE)" to the Institute for being one of the best colleges. The National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2017 ranked IIT Madras first among all engineering colleges in India. In the QS World University Rankings of 2018, internationally, IIT Madras got the 264th rank.
IIT Madras awards the Bachelor of Technology for undergraduate programmes in various fields of engineering. It also awards postgraduate degrees: Master of Technology (M.Tech.) and Master of Science (M.Sc.) in various fields of engineering. Ph.D. courses and M.Sc. in basic sciences are also offered.
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras is on a mission to be a technical institute that does advanced research in certain branches of engineering, on the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and to provide advanced learning and knowledge in specific branches of science, arts, technology, and engineering
Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) provide higher education in India. These are autonomous public institutes. These institutes are governed as per the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. The Act has formally announced them as centres of national importance. The Act also specifies their framework for governance, powers, duties, etc.
The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists 23 institutes located at Ropar, Palghat, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Delhi, Dharwad, Jodhpur, Goa, Jammu, Kharagpur, Kanpur, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Gandhinagar, Varanasi, Hyderabad, Guwahati, Indore, Roorkee, Mandi, Patna, and Tirupati.
The IIT Council links each IIT to the other as these are autonomous institutions. The IIT Council oversees their administration.
The ex-officio Chairperson of the IIT Council is the Union HRD Minister. For undergraduate admissions, the IITs have a common admission process, the Joint Entrance Examination Advanced. Before 2013, the common admission process was called IIT-JEE.
The older IITs (Madras, Bombay, Kharagpur, Delhi, Kanpur, Roorkee, Dhanbad, Varanasi and Guwahati) administer the post-graduate level programs. They award the MS and M.Tech degrees in engineering. The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is conducted for MS and M.Tech admissions.
Other than offering MS, B.Tech and M.Tech programs, IITs also award M.Sc degrees in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry; Ph.D.; MBA; etc. In order to get admission to these courses, students have to clear the Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Admission Test (CAT).