Established on 18 August 1951, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is also known as IIT KGP or IIT Kharagpur. IIT Kharagpur is renowned as one of the famous institutes in India that provides education on basic and applied research and higher technology.
Under the Institutes of Technology (Amendment) Act, 2011 the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the Government of India established this institute. It is an institute that is autonomous in nature.
The institute has been certified as an ISO 9001:2008 institute. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi has also approved and recognized IIT Kharagpur, and the government of India has recognized it as an Institute of National Importance (INI). The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has conferred the college with the title of “College with Potential for Excellence” (CPE).
IIT Kharagpur aims at providing its student's exposure and practical knowledge about recent trends in their chosen fields of study. The institute does this by arranging various activities by collaborating with other institutes and industries.
In order to improve the standard of technical education in India and in order to expand its reach, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India set up IIT Kharagpur, which is one of the first new IITs set up by the government of India. The control and administration of the institute are in the hands of a board of governors. The Chairman of the Council is the Minister of Human Resource and Development, Govt. of India.
A committee was formed in 1946 which consisted of the then chief minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy, and Indian educationalists Jogendra Singh and Humayun Kabir. They wanted to build an institute that could provide higher technical education in the era of post-war industrial development in India.
After this, a twenty two-member committee was formed which had Nalini Ranjan Sarkar heading it. This was called the Sarkar Committee. This committee submitted an interim report according to which there was a recommendation for setting up institutes that would provide higher technical education.
This higher education would be as per the education provided by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Illinois at Urbana and other secondary institutions that are affiliated to it.
Bidhan Chandra Roy was the one who persuaded India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru to set up the 1st institute in West Bengal based on the grounds that during those times, West Bengal had the biggest cluster of industries.
In May 1950, the 1st Indian Institute of Technology was set up in Esplanade East, Calcutta and called the Eastern Higher Technical Institute. In September 1950, the institute was shifted to Hijli, Kharagpur which was located 120 km south-west of Calcutta. This became its permanent campus.
The first technical institute set up in West Bengal was the Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur in 1856, followed by Jadavpur University in 1906, earlier known as Bengal Technical Institute, followed by IIT Kharagpur. This makes IIT Kharagpur the third technical institute that was set up in West Bengal.
On 18 August 1951, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad formally inaugurated the institute and it was named "Indian Institute of Technology".
To declare the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur as an educational institute that is of national importance, and to prepare for its incorporation and other things connected with it, a bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha, Bill no 36 of 1956, on 18th May 1956.
With 10 departments, 42 teachers, and 224 students, in August 1951 the first session was started at the institute. In the Hijli Detention Camp, which is a historic building and now known as Shaheed Bhawan, the administrative office, classrooms, and laboratories were set up.
It is in this building that during the British rule, the imprisoned political revolutionaries were kept. During World War II, the Bomber Command of the U.S. 20th Air Force used this building as its headquarters.
The institute offers degrees across 18 disciplines. It offers post-graduate, research and undergraduate degrees in engineering, management, science, and humanities. Students applying for admission to the courses offered at the institute are selected through the IIT Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Advanced) which is conducted every year.
Among all engineering colleges in India, in 2017, the National Institutional Ranking Framework ranked this college as third. On the international level, in 2018, it was ranked at no. 308 by the QS World University Rankings.
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur awards Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) and Master of Technology (M.Tech.) for undergraduate and postgraduate courses, respectively, in various engineering fields. It also offers Ph.D. courses and M.Sc. in basic sciences.
The Continuing Education Programme (CEP) is offered by the institute to qualified scientists and engineers to keep them updated in their disciplines. Under the CEP, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur conducts short-term courses that are approved and assisted by the All India Council for Technical Education, New Delhi.
It also offers the Quality Improvement Programme (QIP), an Early Faculty Induction Programme (EFIP) and also formal degree programmes (MTech and Ph.D.).
The motto of Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is "Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam" which means, “Yoga is Excellence at Work”.
Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) are the autonomous public institutes of higher education located in India. They are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which has declared them as institutions of national importance and lays down their powers, duties, and framework for governance etc.
The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 lists 23 institutes located at Ropar, Palghat, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Delhi, Dharwad, Jodhpur, Goa, Jammu, Kharagpur, Kanpur, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Gandhinagar, Varanasi, Hyderabad, Guwahati, Indore, Roorkee, Mandi, Patna, and Tirupati.
The IIT Council links each IIT to the other as these are autonomous institutions. The IIT Council oversees their administration.
The ex-officio Chairperson of the IIT Council is the Union HRD Minister. For undergraduate admissions, the IITs have a common admission process, the Joint Entrance Examination Advanced. Before 2013, the common admission process was called IIT-JEE.
The older IITs (Madras, Bombay, Kharagpur, Delhi, Kanpur, Roorkee, Dhanbad, Varanasi and Guwahati) administer the post-graduate level programs. They award the MS and M.Tech degrees in engineering. The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is conducted for MS and M.Tech admissions.
Other than offering MS, B.Tech and M.Tech programs, IITs also award M.Sc degrees in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry; Ph.D.; MBA; etc. In order to get admission to these courses, students have to clear the Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Admission Test (CAT).
|Doctor of Philosophy||Full Time||2 / 3 / 4 / 5 Years||Master's Degree / M.Phil.|
|Executive Master of Buisness Administration||Full Time||2 Years||Graduation|
|Master of Science||Full Time||2 Years||Bachelor's Degree|
|Master of Science (Research) M.Sc.(R)|
Note: This Institute offers more courses in various stream categories including with optional specializations. To know more about courses, please visit the official website i.e. http://www.iitkgp.ac.in