Humans are being replaced by machines and we all have been seeing clues of it all around us. You see it when your electronic mail reply section already has suggestions which are actually relevant to the received message. You witness it when your social media account suggests you visit pages which are literally of your interest. Earlier, machines would perform activities they were programmed to perform but now, they have their own intellect.
All of this can be attributed to the growing hype and adaptability of AI which stands for artificial intelligence. AI system is the one which recognises image, speech, action and language and makes its own decision which is in favour of its user. While the system sounds highly modern and useful, it is becoming one of the most desired career options amongst students across the world including India.
Artificial intelligence is a technological ecosystem which requires least human input in order to make decisions and perform actions. What humans are doing today, most of it will be replaced by AI-assisted systems in the near future. That means, less manpower will be needed.
However, building AI systems is not as easy as programming any other software for performing simple tasks. It demands skilled people with a considerable amount of intellectual abilities. And, that ultimately opens new pathways for people who strive to build complex and technologically advanced systems.
Now, coming to the main question - Has AI gained momentum in India? Frankly, if you are planning to enter the field of artificial intelligence, it's better you think globally and target the whole world in terms of making a career rather than thinking about settling only in India. This is because of the scarcity of companies which work profoundly in this sector. However, the few companies which are present are highly reputed and can be opted for a fruitful career.
If you are planning to embark on this modern and critical field of study, you need to possess great logical thinking skills, you should be efficient in basic mathematics and, most importantly, your programming skills of C++, Linux, Python and Java need to be competitive. In India, there are a few institutes which offer AI courses. These courses could be a PG diploma, postgraduate degree and other short-term courses.
Some of the most prominent courses offered in India are:
1. MTech in computer science specialisation and artificial intelligence, UPES
2. MTech in artificial intelligence, University of Hyderabad
3. Foundations of artificial intelligence and machine learning, University of Hyderabad
4. PG diploma in Machine Learning and AI, Upgrad and IIIT-B
Additionally, universities such as IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, IISc Bangalore and ISI Kolkata offer short-term and certification courses in this domain. If you have enough resources to fly out of India and pursue a degree/course in AI, there are esteemed universities which offer this course including the University of Southampton, University of Groningen, University of Georgia, University of Amsterdam and University of Edinburgh.
Although AI is said to make millions of humans lose their jobs in the coming days, it will also generate employment in almost the same number. There isn't a single industry in which AI is not or won't be needed. From the IT sector to the automobile division, from textile to apparel, from retail to financial services, every sector will start being dependent on artificial intelligence and, if predictions are to be believed, 54 million new job profiles will emerge in the next five years in India which are unknown today. This will be thanks to the sky-rocketing adaptability of AI.
According to the Cognizant White Papers, published a few months back, five interesting profiles expected to pop-up under the influence of AI are Man Machine Teaming Manager, AI Business Development Manager, Data Detective, AI-Assisted Healthcare Technician and BYOITF (Bring Your Own IT Facilitator).
A few organisations which have been thriving in this field in India include Formcept, Fluid AI, CruxIQ, Braina AI Assistant, Arya AI, Artivatic Data Labs, AIndra Systems, Active AI and GLIB AI. These are currently some of the leading companies which are among the target organisations of AI aspirants in India.
But talking about the future, iPhone's Siri and Google Assistant help us see the future; soon several tech giants will be venturing into this field which will lead to an ocean of opportunities for AI aspirants. Everything that we do online, including shopping, playing games, browsing social media, will be based on AI, which means more number of people are going to be needed to build AI systems.