India is a country that is obsessed with engineering. A major chunk of the youth population looks up to engineering to earn their bread and butter. This is an attitude that goes well with Indian parents as well. They see engineering as something that is a stable career option for their wards. The reason for the association of this feeling of stability with engineering is due to the concept of campus placements wherein students land themselves with jobs even before they graduate. Now, considering the sheer number of students who take up engineering, it is important for us to chalk out the various domains of engineering that one can choose to specialise in.
Until a generation ago, civil, mechanical and electrical were the only branches of engineering that were available. These days, with a myriad of courses coming up, these three branches are being referred to as the core branches. For a student aiming to pursue a career in the word of engineering and technology, there are a number of specialisations and super specialisations that they can choose from.
This article talks about 5 new BTech programmes that you can choose from in order to kick-start a successful career. In the case of each of the five specialisations described below, the starting salary for freshers is somewhere between Rs 20,000 to Rs 30,000 per month and with experience, there is a subsequent rise in the same.
1. Naval Architecture And Ocean Engineering
The concept of ship and marine designing is something that is very vast and requires a lot of expertise. Other than that, ocean engineering also talks about the ocean hydrodynamics, applied mechanics (both in theory and in the lab) and the design and drafting of ships, submarines and other things of the likes.
Thus, a firm understanding of the concepts of mathematics and physics is an absolute must if you want to make a name for yourself in this profession. Most of the jobs in this sector are in the government sector. Another major perk of this branch of engineering is the fact that jobs in this sector are really well paid.
The other major recruiters in this field include the world of oil companies as well. L&T, ONGC, BPCL, BHEL and Indian Oil are the most prominent names in this field. In the coming years, the scope of naval architecture and ocean engineering is only expected to rise.
2. Pulp And Paper Engineering
With the world heading towards sustainable development, there is a growing demand for the development of better processes for the manufacture of biomaterials. Amongst them, the most promising sector is that of pulp and paper manufacturing.
To be a pulp and paper manufacturing engineer, one needs to have a very good understanding of the different process technologies, design engineering and recycling processes. You must also have an understanding of economics and must be able to analyse the situation and come up with designs that are more efficient than the ones that currently exist.
Only students who are proficient in physics, chemistry and mathematics will be able to grasp the demanding nature of this field of study. The different corporate roles that graduates from this sector can take up range from that of process development engineer and fire line superintendent to that of production supervisor and corporate engineer. Companies like JK Paper, Reliance Cellulose Vikarabad Pulp and Paper Mills hire professionals in this field.
3. Mathematics And Computing Engineering
While mathematics has been an essential component of all the branches of engineering, until very recently, there was no branch of engineering that was dedicated exclusively to mathematics and computing. Students graduating out of this course find themselves subjected to a number of career options that may be from the world of software, research or finance.
One can choose to be a financial analyst, a software engineer, a software tester, a statistician, a computer scientist or an economist. They also choose to pursue research or offer their consultancy services. Almost all banks and insurance firms require the services of such people.
Other than that, the biomedical research industry, Bureau of Meteorology and Indian Statistical Institutes also recruit such professions. The selection to any of the aforementioned government organisation is usually accomplished by means of special entrance tests.
4. Textile Engineering
Mankind has reached a point where there is more to clothing than it being a mere form to cover one's body. This paves way for ample opportunities in the world of textile engineering. Like any other technical field of study, a firm understanding of the concepts of physics and mathematics is necessary.
Other than that, one also needs to be creative and have an aesthetic instinct if they want to make a name here. The different departments here that one can choose to work in range from that of planning and production to that of quality control, sales and marketing.
Irrespective of the college one graduates from, qualified professionals in this field are seen to land with jobs pretty easily. The reason for the same may be attributed to the fact that there is an acute dearth of qualified professionals in the world of textile engineering.
5. Agricultural And Food Processing Engineering
India is an agricultural country and farmers form an essential part of our economy. The nation produces raw food items of exceptional quality. However, it is only recently that care is being taken to ensure that there is appropriate food processing in order to preserve the same.
For that, there is a great demand for agricultural and food processing engineers. A BTech graduate in this field can specialise in land resource planning, crop production technology, dairy engineering, agricultural drainage and agricultural machinery. There are tremendous job prospects for qualified professionals in sectors like FMCG industries and that of farming.
The job roles here may vary from that of an agricultural specialist, a researcher, a microbiologist and an environmental controls engineer. Companies like Food Corporation of India, Hindustan Level Limited Pepsi, Nestle, ITC, Mother's Dairy and Amul are amongst the big recruiters in this field.