From the age of 15-23 Jawaharlal Nehru had studied in England at Harrow, Cambridge and the Inner Temple. He returned to India in 1916 and practised law for some years.
Later in the year 1919, he joined the Indian National Congress, which was fighting for greater autonomy from the British. He was influenced by the organisation's leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Between the years 1920 and 1930, Nehru was repeatedly imprisoned by the British. Meanwhile, in the year 1928, he was chosen as the president of congress.
By the end of World War-II, Nehru was recognised as Gandhi's successor. And on August 15, 1947, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of independent India. He held the post till 1964.