World Food Day 2022: Every year on October 16th, the world celebrates World Food Day. This day is celebrated to raise awareness and call for action among people to combat hunger and ensure that they have proper nutritious food and healthy eating practices.
World Food Day 2022: History and Significance
World Food Day is celebrated to commemorate the founding of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 1945. FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Many other organizations also celebrate this day to combat hunger and food insecurity, including the World Food Programme, the World Health Organization, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
The World Food Programme (WFP) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Peace for 2020 for their efforts to combat hunger and their contribution to making peace in conflicted areas and for playing a leading role in not using hunger as a form of weapon for conflict and war.
The FAO's member countries at the General Conference in November 1979 established the World Food Day, led by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food, Dr. Pal Romany. He was the one who suggested the idea of celebrating World Food Day worldwide to spread awareness about the issues of poverty and hunger.
More than 150 countries now celebrate World Food Day on October 16 every year. The collective actions of those countries worldwide make World Food Day one of the most celebrated days of the UN calendar. A number of events as well as outreach activities bring together the government, businesses, the media, and the public to promote awareness about how to tackle poverty and hunger and ensure that nobody will be starving for food.
World Food Day 2023: Food Security
Food security refers to having enough food so that any individual can live a healthy lifestyle.
1. People must be able to buy food.
2. The food supply chain should be dependable.
3. There must be proper supply chains for a variety of food products and there should be proper food reserves which ensure that food availability is not disrupted.
4. The food should be nutritious so that whoever is consuming it can live a healthy, active and better life.
World Food Day 2022: Theme
From the start, World Food Day has adopted different theme every year to highlight those areas that need the most attention or concern. This year the theme for World Food Day is " Leave No One Behind."
World Food Day 2022: Global Hunger Index
India has slipped to 107th position in the Global Hunger Index 2022 with its child wasting rate at 19.3%, the highest in the world. In 2021, India was ranked 101st out of 116 countries in 2021.
World Food Day: Facts you need to know
- 821 million people are chronically undernourished, compared to more than 785 million people in 2015.
- 99% of the people who are living in developing nations are undernourished.
- Around 60% of the hungry people in the world are women.
- Around 20 million infants are born every year with a low birth weight. Around 96.5% are from developing countries.
- In children, around 50% of deaths occur under 5 years of age due to under- nutrition.
World Food Day 2022: Contribution in India by FAO's (Food and Agricultural Organizations)
- The FAO had been monitoring India's fight against malnutrition for decades, but its scope had many limitations. There are so many reasons, including pregnancy at a very young age, lack of quality in education and information, lack of cleanliness, insufficient access to drinking water. India is still lagging in achieving the expected results of " malnutrition free India" by 2022, as mentioned in POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission).
- FAO supported India's proposal to declare 2023 as the International Year of Millets. This initiative will increase the availability of nutritious food in diets and increase the viability of these crops for the future, benefiting the small and medium-class farmers who mostly grow large-grains on their land, where they are facing scarcity of water and less fertility.
World Food Day 2022: Indian Initiatives
- The Eat Right India and Fit India Movements, along with the Swach Bharat Abhiyaan and Jal Jeevan Mission, are the initiatives which will help Indians to stay healthy and fit.
- The launch of 17 biofortified varieties of crops is intended to tackle the shortcomings of common varieties of crops which lack essential micronutrients.
- Increased scope and effective implementation of the Food Security Act 2013.
- To make the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC) more competitive, amendments are made.
- The development of a large network of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO's)
- To address grain waste in India, the Change in Essential Commodities Act of 1955 was enacted.