"Journalism can never be silent: that is its greatest virtue and most significant fault. It must speak immediately while the echoes of wonder, triumph claims, and the signs of horror are still in the air".
You all may have heard this quote written by Henry Grunwald. This year we are marking the 10th "International Journalists Remembrance Day" on 2nd November 2022.
There's no doubt that journalists need good research skills. But, if you've been assigned to find out every detail of a news story, you need to know where to search and find those details before the story is no longer relevant. Moreover, journalists are watchdogs of society; they discriminate small to small news happening nearby you. Today we will talk about International Journalists Remembrance day in detail. So let's begin.
- The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2nd November as the 'International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists in General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/163. The Resolution urged Member States to implement definite measures countering the present culture of impunity. The date had been selected to commemorate the assassination of two French journalists in Mali on 2nd November 2013.
- This landmark resolution denounces all aggression and violence against journalists and media workers.
- It also urges Member States to do their utmost to prevent violence against journalists and media workers, to ensure accountability, bring to justice perpetrators of crimes against journalists and media workers, and ensure that victims have access to appropriate remedies. It further calls upon States to promote a safe and enabling environment for journalists to perform their work independently and without undue interference.
Where Do We Celebrate International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists and What UNESCO says?
- The main event to celebrate the 2022 International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists is a High-Level Multi-Stakeholder Conference on the Safety of Journalists on 3 and 4 November 2022 from 8:00 am to 8:00 pm in Vienna, Austria.
- UNESCO also assembles a series of regional consultations with local stakeholders to take stock of the progress challenges to protect journalists in the last ten years and to strategize how to implement the Plan more effectively.
- In nine out of ten cases the killers go unpunished, according to the UNESCO observatory of killed journalists. Impunity leads to more killings and is often a symptom of worsening conflict and the breakdown of law and judicial systems.
- Two thematic consultations will focus on internet transparency and the safety of women journalists.
What Is The UN Plan of Action on The Safety of Journalists?
- The UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity is the first concerted effort within the UN to address attacks and impunity of crimes against journalists with a multi-stakeholder and holistic approach. It brings together UN bodies, national authorities, media, and civil society organizations.
- Since the Plan was adopted, the issue of the safety of journalists has gained higher visibility in the UN, as evidenced by the increasing number of declarations, resolutions, and other normative texts, and the UN Secretary General's Call to Action for Human Rights.
- Protecting journalists is also part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Plan has also contributed to building international partnerships between administrations and civil society and brought about changes on the ground, such as creating national safety mechanisms in at least 50 countries.
- But despite these achievements, challenges still exist. The high impunity rate for crimes against journalists persists, and new forms of threats develop in unprecedented ways.
- The 10th anniversary is a milestone to Reaffirm, Recommend and Reposition efforts to advance the UN Plan.
International Data On Journalists' Murder
- Ending impunity for crimes against journalists is one of the most pressing issues to guarantee freedom of expression and access to information for all citizens. Between 2006 and 2020, over 1,200 journalists have been killed for reporting the news and bringing information to the public.
- From 2016 to the end of 2020, 400 journalists were murdered for work or while on the job.
- Two hundred seventy-four journalists were imprisoned in 2020, the highest yearly total in three decades.
- Only 13 percent of cases recorded by UNESCO since 2006 are considered judicially resolved.
- Seventy-three percent of women journalists surveyed had experienced online violence during their work.
Number Of Journalists Murdered In India Between 1992 And 2022
According to Committee to protect journalists (CPJ), in between 1992 to 2022, around 58 journalists were murdered. Some famous people murdered were Gauri Lankesh, Rohit Biswal, and many more.