Education, Career And Works Of Stephen Hawking

By Malavikka

Renowned scientist dies at 76 but his works remain immortal. Stephen Hawking is a noted British scientist, physicist, professor and author. His scientific theories and discoveries are groundbreaking and enlightening. Here's a journey through his education, career and more.

Hawking's education started with him receiving a first class BA Honours in cosmology when he was 21 years in 1963. This was the time that he was diagnosed with ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), a condition related to degenerative nerve cells.


It was then that he made up his mind to cross the hurdles to accomplish great things in life. His ambition to get a PhD in applied mathematics and theoretical physics was achieved in 1966.

Stephen Hawking's Works

The following works are his contribution to physics:

  • Thesis - Properties of Expanding Universes
  • The second law of black hole dynamics
  • Laws of black hole mechanics
  • Hawking Radiation


Stephen Hawking's Publications

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The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis
General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey with W Israel
300 Years of Gravitation with W Israel

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Stephen Hawking's Books

Stephen Hawking's Books

  • The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time
  • A Brief History of Time
  • A Briefer History of Time
  • The Universe in a Nutshell
  • The Grand Design



Stephen Hawking is a recipient of a list of awards and prizes such as:

  • CBE Award - 1982
  • Wolf Foundation prize - 1988
  • Companion of Honour - 1989
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom - 2009
  • Fundamental Physics prize - 2013
  • Copley Medal - 2006

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Fascinating Facts About Stephen Hawking

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  • Stephen Hawking was born on the 300th death anniversary of Galileo.
  • He held 13 honorary degrees.
  • After being attacked by ALS, he was bound to a wheelchair and used a computerised voice system for communication.


Stephen Hawking's Quotes

  • Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.
  • The greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance, it is the illusion of knowledge.
  • Look up at the stars and not down at your feet.
  • However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at.
  • People who boast about their IQ are losers.
  • I'm not afraid of death, but I'm in no hurry to die. I have so much I want to do first.

Stephen Hawking's Death

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Stephen Hawking died on Mar 14, 2018, due to his exacerbated condition of ALS.


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