This year, the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel will be more special with a marvellous engineering work, the Statue of Unity. The Statue of Unity, which is believed to be the world's tallest statue, will be unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Gujarat tomorrow, i.e, October 31, on the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was called 'The Boss' by Time magazine in 1947 for his efforts to build the Republic of India by uniting 562 princely states, is known for introducing many reforms as the first Minister of Home Affairs after independence, besides playing a significant role in freedom struggle. The government of India has decided to honour the Iron Man of India with a statue.
With a height of 182 meters, the Statue of Unity is not only the world's tallest statue but is also the statue that has been completed in the shortest time. Students who are aspiring for competitive examinations should know these facts about the Statue of Unity to score well in the general awareness.
The Statue of Unity, the world's tallest statue will have a viewing gallery at 153 meters that will accommodate up to 200 visitors at a time, besides providing an expensive view of the dam and its environs.
The construction time of the Statue of Unity is fixed at 42 months. It is completed in record time of 33 months, which is one more feather added to its cap. However, the Spring Temple Buddha statue in China was the longest till now that took 11 years.
The Statue of Unity will be able to withstand wind velocity up to 60 m/second vibration and earthquake.
The Statue of Unity will comprise two semi-joined, composite concrete cylindrical cores, surrounded by a structural steel space frame to support the exterior cladding.
One can see Sardar Sarovar Dam and its 200 km long reservoir, Satpura and Vindhya mountain range from the gallery of the Statue of Unity.
The construction of the Statue of Unity used around 5700Mton of structural steel and reinforcement bars of 18500Mton to be built.
The government is eyeing on increasing the tourist's footfalls by building a 3.5 km highway to connect the Statue of Unity In Sadhu Island to Kevadia town in Gujarat.
The iron collected from the 'Loha' Campaign has been melted, converted to rebar and used in the foundation of the Statue of Unity.
The Statue of Unity will create more than 15,000 direct jobs for tribal people after completion.
The Shrestha Bharat Bhavan was built adjacent to the Statue of Unity, which is designed to be a 128-key, three-star hotel facility with food service, guest amenities and conference facilities.
Larsen & Toubro has been given the responsibility of the Statue of Unity project for designing, engineering, construction, operation and maintenance. The budget of the Statue of Unity stands at approximately INR 2989 crores.
The height of the Statue of Unity is 182 meters, which is the world's largest statue. It is followed by the Spring Temple Buddha in China and Ushiku Daibutsu in Japan with 153 meters and 120 meters, respectively.
The Statue of Unity is designed by Padmashri Ram Sutar who also made Gandhi statue at the Indian Parliament. (Image courtesy: Statue of Unity)