Onam festival unites everyone from all communities in Kerala irrespective of their religion and caste. It is one amongst the most popular festivals in India and celebrated with great pomp. The activities during this festival season are popular all over the country such as Onam Vallamkali (boat races) and Onam Sadhya, i.e., food. This harvest festival usually falls between the end of August and beginning of September during the Malayalam month Chingam.
A range of activities is planned in schools and educational institutions to make students familiar with Indian festivals and culture. If Onam speech (elocution) or Onam festival essay is round the corner in your school, never go wrong with the story of Onam. Here, we have listed a range of Onam celebrations such as Onam Pookalam and Onam Sadhya, which will help you describe the Onam festival better.
Onam is celebrated to welcome the mythical King Mahabali, whose spirit visits the state of Kerala, during the time of Onam. The festival date backs to ancient history when Lord Vishnu transformed into a dwarf Brahmin (Vamana - one of the 10 incarnations) and attended the Yaagam hosted by King Mahabali. The Brahmin, Vamana, requested for three feet of land and Mahabali promised to give the same. The dwarf Brahmin grew huge and claimed the Earth and heaven. Since no land was left for the Brahmin, Mahabali offered his head to place the promised land with a condition that he (Mahabali) be welcomes to people's homes once a year. Hence, Onam is celebrated as the homecoming of Mahabali.
Onam celebrations in Kerala take place for 10 days. The 10 days of Onam festival are called Atham, Chithira, Chodi, Vishakam, Anizham, Thriketa, Moolam, Pooradam, Uthradom and Thiruvonam. Each day has its importance and is celebrated in a unique way that displays the rich culture and history of the state. Students are advised to mention these 10 days and describe them in their Onam festival essay in English or Malayalam to get applause.
Onam festival is like a carnival for 10 days in Kerala. Though Onam celebrations include Onam Vallam Kali (boat races), Onam Sadhya and Onam Pookalam, Onam dance stands out in the celebrations. Some of the traditional dances performed during Onam festival are Kathakali, Kummatti Kali, Pulikali/Kaduvakali, Thumbi Thullal and Kaikotti Kali.
Vallamkali is a traditional snake boat race and is considered as the major attraction of the Onam festival. Each boat comprises around 100 rowing men. The race takes place in the river Pampa. Students can add a few lines about Vallamkali in their Onam festival essay in Malayalam or English. One can also add popular races such as the Nehru Trophy Boat Race and Uthrattathi Boat Race.
It is a lavish feast that contains all kinds of vegetarian dishes served on the last day of Onam. More than 10 dishes are prepared and served on a banana leaf for lunch. One can expect more than 30 dishes in the temple. It is said that Onm Sadhya is incomplete without the brown rice.
Onam Pookalam, also known as flower carpets, plays a major role in Onam celebrations. It is the flower decorations made in front of the house to welcome King Mahabali.
Tips To Write Onam Festival Essay
Students are advised to consider the below points before writing the Onam festival essay. It will also help during Onam speech (elocution) competition.
- Think about the type of essay you want to write such as narrative/descriptive/persuasive.
- Do brainstorming before taking up the concept.
- We advise students to do some research about the 10-day Onam festival.
- Prepare an outline of your essay.
- Never encourage spelling mistakes or grammatical errors.