India Ranks 8th in the CCPI 2023 and is High in Climate Protection

Climate Change Performance (CCPI) Index 2023
The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is released every year at the United Nations Climate Conference. It is a tool to measure the performance and ensure that there is transparency in national and international climate politics. Since 2005, it has assessed the country's climate protection performance. It also keeps an eye on the countries' progress towards the goals set by the Paris Agreement.

 
India Ranks 8th in the CCPI 2023

It essentially compares the environmental performances of 59 countries and the European Union, which together account for 92 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. The Climate Change Performance Index assesses environmental protection performance using 14 indicators divided into four categories.

  • GHG Emission
  • Renewable Energy
  • Energy Use
  • Climate Policy

Key Features of the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2023

  • None of the 59 countries or the European Union made the top three this year.
  • Denmark ranks fourth with a score of 79.61. It is followed by Sweden (73.28) points).
  • Chile is in the 6th position this year; the previous year it was in the 9th position. Chile improved in the Climate Change Performance Index for 2023. Chile got a low position in energy use only; other than that, Chile got a medium rating in climate policy, a high rating in renewable energy, and a very high rating in GHG emissions.
  • This year, Russai's performance has deteriorated due to its reliance on fossil fuels as a source of energy, with only about 3% of its energy coming from renewable sources. Global Climate actions has become week because of the energy crisis which is caused due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
  • This year India secured 8th position with overall score 67.35 points. India's performance gets better this year as it moved two spots upper position. Previously, in the 2021-2022 Climate Change Performance Index, India was in the 10th position. In 2020 it stood on 9th position.
  • Previously, India ranked ninth in the "greenhouse gas" (GHG) category, 24th in the "renewable energy" category, and ninth in the "energy use" category. It was ranked eighth on climate policy.

Background

  • Out of 63 countries, India ranks eighth on the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2023.The country received a high-rating for-greenhouse gas emissions and energy use, but a medium rating for renewable energy and climate policy.
  • The CCPI assesses 59 countries and the European Union, which account for 90 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • It evaluates the performance of the countries working towards the Paris Agreement.

"The country is on track to meet its 2030 emission targets (compatible with a well-below 2-degree Celsius scenario)," the report index released by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute, and the Climate Action Network stated.
In 2021 and 2022, India stood in the 10th position, whereas in 2020 it was in the 9th position.

  • India signed the Paris Agreement in 2015 and has updated its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). India also announced its commitment to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2070 at the time of the COP 26 Summit in Glasgow.

."The country experts welcome the new targets and the political signals towards climate action. "Despite India's medium ranking in the renewable Energy category, the country has included renewables targets in its updated NDC," the index report added.

  • Overall, no country ranked first, second, or third on the index. Denmark is in 4th place, and Sweden is in 5th place with a score of 73.28 points.
  • The report suggested that India must acquire a carbon pricing mechanism and develop more capacities at the subnational level to improve its performance. Also, a concrete action plan for achieving the targets must be determined.
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