Whatever the reason might be, the environment is the first to suffer. Starting from the electronic waste to real estate, we're not able to compromise on anything that negatively and significantly impacts the environment. When the factors like ozone layer depletion, biodiversity reduction and global warming are threatening the existence of human beings on the Mother Earth, protecting the environment has become the need of the hour. In order to protect the environment, application of scientific knowledge is required which can be gained through formal education in environmental science. On World Environment Day, let's explore the careers in environmental studies.
Environmental science is a branch of biology which focuses on the relationship between organisms and their environment. This is an interdisciplinary stream that integrates physical and biological sciences to the study of environment and provides solutions to environmental problems. A career in environmental science can open doors to wonderful lucrative opportunities that include environmental biologists, environmental engineers, environmental journalists and others.
Many institutes and colleges in India offer undergraduate and postgraduate programs in environmental science. After class 12, one can opt for BSc or BE in environmental science. The duration of the course is three years. One can also opt for a postgraduate course in environmental science with a three-year bachelor's degree.
Students who have three years bachelor's degree in science subjects can pursue master's in environmental science. Along with bachelor's, many institutes and colleges across the country also offer short-term postgraduate diploma programs in environmental science.
Aspirants who want to be an environmental engineer should have scored at least 50% marks in 10+2 with mathematics, physics and chemistry as mandatory subjects. Candidates have to qualify in JEE for an admission to one of the IITs. A state-level examination is required for an admission to regional institutes.
The NITs and IITs across India are the most popular institutes for MTech programs in environmental engineering. Candidates can choose MTech courses based on their GATE score. Students can also opt for the MPhil and PhD in environmental science.
Top 5 Personal Attributes
- Interest towards public health and environment
- Problem-solving and research skills
- Numerical skills
- Communication skills
- Team-building skills
A professional education in environmental studies offers immense job opportunities. With several activities initiated for the protection of the environment, the opportunities are plenty for the students. One can find employment as an environmental scientist, a professor, an environmental biologist, an environmental modeler, an environmental journalist, etc. One can also find opportunities in NGOs.
Students who hold a degree in environmental science can find opportunities in the national-level departments or organisations such as forest and wildlife management, pollution control boards, urban planning, water resources and agriculture, the ministry of environment and forests and much more.
An environmental engineer works on the research of environmental elements. They are being employed in fertiliser plants, mines, textile mills, food processing, refineries and other industries in order to monitor the effect of pollution on the environment and the life of people. Many companies have become more conscious about nature and want to manage the resources in a better way. Hence, they are employing environmentalists in good numbers. As this profession carries out social responsibilities, companies and organisation will not compromise on the pay structures.
The opportunities are plenty abroad because of the environmental protection measures taken up by the international organisations. There is a good scope for environmental engineers in the USA according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Apart from private companies, one can find opportunities in organisations such as Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Earth System Governance Project and others.
Top 5 Institute To Pursue Environmental Engineering
- Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
- Hindustan College of Science & Technology, Uttar Pradesh
- Delhi Technological University (DTU), Delhi
- PES College of Engineering, Mandya
- Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Ahmedabad
Top 15 Institutes For Pursuing Environment Science
1. Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh
2. University of Delhi, Delhi
3. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
4. Jawahral Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
5. Purvanchal University, Uttar Pradesh
6. GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttar Pradesh
7. Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut
8. Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar
9. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Agra
10. Anna University, Guindy, Chennai
11. University of Madras, Chennai
12. University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
13. University of Mysore, Mysore
14. University of Pune, Pune
15. Visvesvaraya Technological University, AIT, Chikmagalur