The Union Cabinet today approved the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) aimed at bringing about 'transformational reforms' in school and higher education systems in India. Given this, the new NEP 2020 will be replacing the 34-your-old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986.
Confirming the same, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar, addressing a press conference said, "Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to the new education policy for the 21st century. It is important as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy. I am confident that this will be welcomed by entire society and nation as well as the world's educators."
The rolling out of the new education policy 2020 (NEP 2020) was accompanied with renaming the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) as the Ministry of Education (MIE).
The decision to rename the MHRD alongside the launch of National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) was done in accordance with the recommendations proposed in the draft on new education policy, with the prime objective of drawing the focus back on education and learning.
National Education Policy 2020: Impact on School Education
The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) in a bid to transform the school education system in the country has focused on several key areas.
Here are the 'key highlights' of the New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020):
- National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) has called for 'universalization of education' from pre-school to secondary level, and aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) to 100 per cent in school education by 2030.
- The NEP 2020 aims to bring 2 crore children, who are out of school, back into the main stream through open schooling system.
- The new education policy will be replacing the present 10+2 system by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
- The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/pre schooling, as per the National Education Policy 2020.
- The NEP 2020 lays emphasis on foundational literacy and numeracy with no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools.
- It has proposed Teaching in mother tongue/regional language up to at least Grade 5.
- It has suggested a 360 degree Holistic Progress Card as part of the assessment reforms that will help in tracking student progress for achieving the learning outcomes.
- The National Education Policy 2020 has proposed formulation of a comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE, 2021) by NCTE in consultation with NCERT.
- By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree.
National Education Policy 2020: Impact on Higher Education
- NEP 2020 aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) to 50 per cent in higher education by 2035, besides adding 3.5 crore seats in higher education.
- National Education Policy 2020 lays emphasis on broad-based, multi-disciplinary, holistic under graduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education and multiple entry and exit points with appropriate certification.
- It has called for setting up of Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs) at par with IITs, IIMs in the country, and creation of a National Research Foundation (NRC) for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.
- The National Education Policy 2020 has also proposed the setting up of a Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), as a single overarching umbrella body for entire the higher education, excluding medical and legal education.
- Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years, and a stage-wise mechanism will be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges, according to the new education policy.
National Education Policy 2020: Other Suggestions
In addition to the above highlights, NEP 2020 has proposed the creation of a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), which will serve as an autonomous body providing platform for free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration.
Besides, the National Education Policy 2020 has proposed setting up of gender inclusion fund, special education zones for disadvantaged regions and sections; promote multilingualism in both schools and higher education. The policy also suggests enhancing investment in education sector up to 6% of GDP at the earliest through cooperation between Centre and the States.
Read the detailed National Education Policy 2020 Highlights in English and Hindi here