'Inquilab Zindabad'--meaning long live the revolution, is one of the prominent slogans during the independence movement which was popularised by Bhagat Singh. Among all the freedom fighter's Singh stands out as one of the most influential revolutionaries during the freedom movement, who gave up his life at a young age for the country's freedom.
The actions of Bhagat Singh was not only limited to free the country from the hands of the British rule but also enlighten people through his ideology. One of the most inspiring quotes from the Sandhu Jat-Bhagat Singh said, ''It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the ideas. Great empires crumbled while the ideas survived.''
Today is the birth anniversary of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, September 28, who had left a legacy during Indian Independence movement. Bhagat Singh died at an age of 23, prompting the youth in India to persist fighting for independence. Bhagat Singh is a true inspiration to youngsters across the country till today. On his birthday, let's familiarize ourselves with some of the unknown facts of Bhagat Singh.
1. Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga village, Jaranwala Tehsil in the Lyallpur district of the Punjab Province of British India belongs to a Sikh family.
2. Influenced by European revolutionary movements at an early age, Bhagat Singh was involved in various revolutionary activities to fight against the British Raj.
3. In 1923, Bhagat Singh joined the National College in Lahore, which was started by Lala Lajpat Rai, where he also participated in extra-curricular activities such as the dramatics society.
4. When Bhagat Singh's parents tried to persuade him for marriage for him, he said that if he married in slave India ''my bride shall only be death.'' This made him to join Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.
5. He was the chief leader of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which was later named as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
6. Seeking revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev planned to kill the Superintendent of Police James Scott in Lahore. However, they murdered a British police officer, John Saunders in a case of mistaken identity.
7. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt made a plot to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly. He and his accomplice threw two bombs and pamphlets inside the Central Legislative Assembly and shouted slogans "Inquilab Zindabad!"
8. After the bombarding, Singh was arrested and imprisoned. He underwent a 116 day fast in jail demanding equal political rights for both British and Indian political prisoners.
9. During the time of Bhagat Singh's trial, this legendary freedom fighter used the occasion to propagate the importance of independence rather than defending his actions.
10. Singh wanted to die so that his death would inspire the youth of India which in turn would unite them to fight against the British Empire.
11. While in prison, Singh and two others had written a letter to Lord Irwin, wherein they asked to be treated as prisoners of war and consequently to be executed by firing squad and not by hanging.
12. Bhagat Singh walked through the gallows with a smile and his last words while hanging is "Down with British imperialism."
13. Singh with his comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on March 24, 1931. The schedule was moved forward by 11 hours and the three were hanged on March 23, 1931, at 7:30 pm in Lahore jail.