What Are The Career Options After Class 12- Arts, Commerce and Science

By Super

Now that your Class 12 exams are over, what will be your next course of action? You may be finding yourself at the crossroads, with no idea on which way to turn.


It's about making or more appropriately choosing your future career/life. Choosing the right course and college is the first step in chalking the career plan.

It's crucial since after the choice is made, there will be no turning back. But the problem is there are numerous options open for students and persuasions coming in from all directions, making choice of all the option is more challenging task. To get rid off the dilemma you can consult expert and seek their opinion.

Counselling may also help. We have the details on what are the career options available for students pursuing higher education after class 12 Board examinations.

1. Bright career option for a Commerce stream pursuer

There is a sea of options in Commerce stream to make a bright career.

If a student likes to choose the most widely chosen option, he/she can pursue Bachelor of commerce degree (B. Com) with specialization in any one subject.

After completion of graduation students can join post graduation (M. com) and pursue Ph.D degree in the same subject. This will help them getting into a respectable profession such as teaching, research scholar and also in the banking sector.

Other professional courses most sought after in the current scenario some of are mentioned below:

1. Chartered accountancy (CA) is one of the job role of a chartered accountant is to audit company's books, stock brokers and income tax assesses. Student who wish to choose chartered accountant as a career can join CA course after the 10+2 board examination or after graduating (with the specified percentage).

2. Master of Business Administration (MBA) is another popular choice among the students. Through the course Students learn how to manage a business professionally and can opt for a degree or diploma in management. The duration of a regular MBA course is 2 years and an Executive MBA course is of 1 year. One can complete their MBA through correspondence also.

3. Chartered financial analyst (CFA) is another exiting course for Commerce pursuer students.The chief responsibility of a chartered financial analyst is to manage in the areas of financial accounting, management accounting, financial management, investment management, security evaluation, project planning, venture capital management and credit rating. The duration of the course is 3-years after post graduation degree.

4. Company secretary (CS) is another widely known career which a person has "the company meets its statutory obligations. Student interested in can apply for a company secretary course after passing (10+2) examination.

Student who passes the Senior Secondary Examination (under the 10+2 scheme) from a recognized board can join the cost accountant course.

Top 40 Commerce Colleges In IndiaTop 40 Commerce Colleges In India

Commerce stream is very useful to one's career prospects as it covers financial markets, economics to the latest management practices. Studying commerce can help to gain proficiency and knowledge to get into new venture.

What Are The Career Options After Class 12

2. Career options for a Science stream pursuer

The choice of subjects, be it Science or Arts, may vary between universities. For example, an economics degree may be given as a B.A. by one university, but as B.Sc. by another.

Biology, Biochemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Social Science, Sport/Exercise Science, General Science, Earth Science, Computer Science and the other fields of Engineering are are almost considered under sciences, universally.

Ideally, a student is expected to be comprehensive in these aspects, before enrolling oneself to the course:

a. why he or she wants to pursue that career,

b. how he or she would be successful in that career, c. find out the institutes of related courses, d. try to gather information about the career options and, e. test his/her aptitude to appear in the Entrance Exams.

A student can pursue Bachelor of Science degree (B.Sc) by taking any science subject as the major subject. Numerous colleges offer specialisation in major subjects such as Chemistry, Mathematics, Zoology, Botany, Geology, Physics etc.

One can go further and opt for Masters degree (M.Sc) in their selected subjects, after completion of graduation.

Inorder to pursue further education, student can do Ph.D degree on the same subject. Some of the career prospects after doing B. Sc or M.Sc are as follows: Teachers/Professors (college/university), Scientists, Geologists, Chemists, Mathematicians, Physicists etc.

A science graduate also can apply for UPSC exams, IAS, Banking and insurance exams.

Courses in Medical Sciences: Various courses available for students opting for Medical Sciences are MBBS, BDS, BVS, B. Pharm, D Pharm and Nursing.

M.B.B.S (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) offers courses on Human anatomy. The duration of the course is approximately 5 ½ years which includes 1 year of internship.
Students can pursue Post Graduate specialization in different subjects such as Cardiology, Anesthesiology, Surgery, Dermatology, ENT, Gynecology, Neuro Sciences, Opthamology, Orthopedics and Paediatrics.

Top 10 Medical Colleges In IndiaTop 10 Medical Colleges In India

B.D.S (Bachelor in Dental Sciences) offers courses in Dental Surgery and duration of the course is 5 years with Internship. After completion of B.D.S one can do the Post Graduation (P.G) in Dental Sciences.

B.V.S (Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences) courses mainly of the Animal disease, prevention and surgery cases. This course takes 4 1/2 years time with a practical Internship. One can do P.G studies in different specializations after completion of B. V. S course.

Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm) is also an attractive career prospect one can pursue. It takes is 4 years to complete the course. After completion of the course one can start alluring career in departments such as Drugs Research or Production in various Pharmaceutical Industries. If anyone yearns to do Post Graduation (M.Pharmacy) they can chose specialization in subjects such as:
a. Pharmacology
b. Pharmaceutics
c. Pharmaceutical Analysis
d. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
e. Pharm D

Diploma course in Pharmacy (D.Pharmacy) offers a 2 years duration course after which one can work as a Pharmacist in various Medicinal Institutions. One can also opt for further studies such as B.Pharmacy and later M.Pharmacy.

Bachelor in Nursing (B.Sc Nursing) is a 4 year course which covers topics such as healthcare, medicine dispensing and caring of ailing patients.

There are various other courses which students can choose which are related to Medical / Medicine courses some of them include Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, and Bachelor in Physiotherapy, Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences, Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences and Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicinal Sciences.

Biotechnology describes is a series of enabling technologies involving manipulation of living organisms or their sub cellular components to provide useful products, processes or services for the betterment of mankind. This is 4 year course.

Bioinformatics is a new concept which is related to storage, retrieval and analysis of biological data for drug discovery and drug design. It integrates information technology for processing biological information such as nucleic acid (DNA/RNA), protein sequence and structure.

The duration of the course is 4 years or else can also go for B.Sc Bioinformatics where the course duration is 3 years.

B.P.T (Bachelor in Physiotherapy) basically studies how to restore the functioning of the body which is affected by due to illness like paralysis, injury, shock. The basic duration of the course is 3 years.

B.H.M.S ( Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicinal Sciences) offers courses how to increase the self healing power of our body by using medicine which are derived from natural and herbal sources. The duration of the course is 5 1/2 year.

B.A.M.S (Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicinal Sciences) covers courses how to restore the balance of our body without side effects. Main focus of the courses are to regain balance of liver disorders, rheumatic and chronic conditions. The duration of the course is only 3 years.

3. Engineering as a career option

Engineering has ample number of career option. If anyone interested to pursue his/her career in engineering then they have to pass out 10+2 exam with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and with minimum qualifying marks.

There are numerous government and non-government institutes in India which offers courses in various branches of Engineering. Among various colleges, Indian Institute of Technologies (IITs) are the most favored ones among the prospective students.

The seven IITs are viz, Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee. Apart from these there are 20 National Institute of Technologies (NITs), couple of IIITs and several private institutes in India which are able to offer a grand platform for making a good career.

Also Read: Engineering Entrance Exams in India

Different branches of engineering which boasts great potential for a blooming career in the engineering field are:

Agricultural Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering,Architecture, Automobile Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Biotechnology, Ceramic Technology, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Genetic Engineering, Industrial & Production Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, Marine Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Plastic Technology, Polymer Engineering, Rubber Technology, Space Technology, Textile Industry etc.

4. Career option for Arts stream pursuer

After passing the higher secondary level examination a student can pursue Bachelor of Arts degree (BA) taking a special subject as the major subject.

Some important major subjects which are offered by various colleges are history, languages, literature, law, philosophy, religion, performing arts, anthropology, communication, sociology, psychology and many more.

After completing graduation a student can do masters degree (MA) in their selected subjects. For further high qualification one can opt for Ph.D degree in their respective subject.

Here are some of the attractive career option for Arts stream pursuer. These are as Psychologist, Counselor, Economist, Market analyst, Sociologist, Social Worker, Historian, Anthropologist, Human Resources, Personal Executive, Writer/journalist/Editor, lawyer, Media Personnel, School Teacher/College Professor/university Professor etc.

Apart from these an Arts graduate student can apply for UPSC exams, IAS, Banking and insurance exams to find better career opportunities.

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