Meteorology deals with the studies of atmospheric to know and predict weather and climate. This stands as a branch of atmospheric studies with a major focus on forecasting the weather. It also deals with the climate conditions that are affecting the earth and its population.
Meteorology is an interdisciplinary science that draws the laws of physics and chemistry. Over the years, a career in meteorology stands as one amongst the lucrative professions. Thanks to the technological advances and developments of scientific computing. Explore a career in meteorology and how to become a meteorologist in India on this World Meteorological Day.
What Is World Meteorological Day?
World Meteorological Day is observed every year on March 23. The day is celebrated to commemorate the establishment of the World Meteorological Organization on March 23, 1950. It displays the contribution of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to the safety and wellbeing of society and is celebrated with activities around the world. Every year, the theme will be chosen for the World Meteorological Day that reflects topical weather, climate or water-related issues.
How To Become A Meteorologist
The primary job responsibility of a meteorologist is to analyse weather conditions and makes the forecast. The meteorologists who are in a long time in the climate research are also called as Climatologists. The Climatology comes under atmospheric science. The employment opportunities for the meteorologist are on high demand at both the public and the private sector. If you are aspiring to become a meteorologist, the below details will surely assist.
Students who are interested to take up the meteorological study must have a science background at 10+2 or its equivalent. One should have subjects such as physics and chemistry. Some institutes also welcome the candidates who hold 10+2 in mathematics or computer programming for admission.
The meteorology courses are offered based on the specialisations. Candidates can either choose between B.Tech or B.Sc to kick-start the graduation in meteorology. After bachelors, candidates can go for the postgraduate and PhD. Aspirants should note that entrance exam will be conducted for admission depending upon the university/institute. Some of the most popular meteorological courses are listed below.
- B. Tech. in Meteorology
- B. Sc. in Meteorology
- M. Tech. in Meteorology
- M.Sc. in Meteorology
- Ph. D in Meteorology
Top Institutes In India Offer Meteorology Courses
1. Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala.
2. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi.
3. Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
4. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, West Bengal.
5. Shivaji University, Vidyanagar, Maharashtra.
A wide range of opportunities is offered to meteorologists at both private and public sector organisations. Meteorologists will find a plethora of opportunities in government agencies, like defence forces and aviation. Many private aviation firms recruit meteorologists with lucrative pay for weather forecasting. Some of the private companies in the media and sports also recruit meteorologists with high pay structure.
The pay structure will not be less for meteorologists, especially in private companies. A fresher can start with more than Rs 40,000 per month after completing bachelors in meteorology. One who holds a postgraduate degree in meteorology will earn not less than Rs 80,000 per month. After gaining on-job experience, the pay will be increased. The sky is the limit for candidates who hold a PhD in meteorology.