The Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is one of the toughest examinations besides being the most discussed in our country. Around 8 lakh candidates apply every year for approximately 1300 or less posts which include both All India Services and other Central Services.
Though the success rate is below one percent, the number of aspirants keep on increasing every year. Most of the aspirants miss the bus early due to lack of effective analysing or planning. So, we strongly recommend you do your SWOT analysis prior to your preparation, which will clearly display where you need to improve.
Though this analysis is very popular in the corporate sector, one can use this for planning as well as personal development. However, consider that you're doing this activity for self-assessment, to know where you stand and where you want to be, and keep it as simple as possible.
What Is SWOT Analysis
SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis is a method used to identify your internal and external factors. Internal factors consists of strengths and weaknesses. However, opportunities and threats fall under external factors. In brief:
- Strengths are your positives within your control.
- Weaknesses are which deviate you from attaining goals.
- Opportunities are situations when you can develop or take control.
- Threats are beyond your control.
How To Perform A SWOT Analysis
The SWOT analysis is all about knowing your strengths and weaknesses by minimising your threats while capitalising on opportunities. To perform a SWOT analysis, you must analyse and collect all the data related to it. Go through each and every point carefully and place them where they belong. After completing the sorting process, draft a preparation plan to tackle the weaknesses and threats.
Tips For An Effective SWOT Analysis
- Be genuine about your strengths and weaknesses.
- Mention only key points and issues.
- Write down the strengths and weaknesses in competitive terms.
- Write your points in order of importance.
- Finish the entire activity in a page.
How To Use SWOT For The Preliminary Exam
The civil services exam is not just a competitive examination with a huge syllabus. It tests your personality and keeps you on your toes everytime. The CSAT paper in the preliminary exam is one amongst them. Aspirants need to work on the the weak areas though the CSAT is just a qualifying paper.
While coming to the paper-I (General Studies), candidates should use SWOT analysis to figure out where they should improve. List all the topics on the paper and start asking yourself what are the threats and opportunities you have to complete the syllabus.
How To Use SWOT For The Main Exam
After getting through the preliminary exam, aspirants will have around three months until the main examination. And this time should be kept for mastering the topics. So try to do the SWOT analysis before the preliminary exam. Take your optional subject and do a SWOT analysis to increase your score. Do the same for each and every paper.
The SWOT analysis is one of the best strategies to understand your hurdles better. As the year-long selection process for the civil services is going to kick-start in June with the preliminary exam, this is the best time to do the analysis.