After being ruled for 200 years, India attained independence in 1947. Two years later, on January 26, 1950, the nation was designated as a "Sovereign Democratic Republic." Today, the country celebrates Republic Day with pomp and fervour. The President of India leads the Republic Day celebrations at Rajpath, which is broadcast live on television for millions of Indians.
As history and civics are major components of the Indian school curriculum, we are taught about our struggle for freedom, independence, the creation and acceptance of the Indian Constitution, and our government.
On the occasion of India's 73rd Republic Day, here are some interesting Republic Day Parade facts that will undoubtedly enlighten you.
- The parade is held every year on January 26th at Rajpath in New Delhi, but from 1950 to 1954, Rajpath was not the event's organisational centre. Throughout these years, the 26th January parade was held at Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium), Kingsway, Red Fort, and Ramleela Maidan, respectively. The 26th January parade has been held on Rajpath every year since AD 1955. Rajpath was known as 'Kingsway' at the time.
- Every year, the Prime Minister, President, or ruler of any country is invited to the parade on January 26th. On January 26, 1950, the first parade was organised, with Indonesian President Dr. Sukarno as a special guest. In 1955, Malik Ghulam Mohammad, Pakistan's Governor-General, was invited to the first parade at Rajpath.
- The parade begins on January 26th with the President's entry. The President's cavalier bodyguards salute the National Flag first, then the National Anthem is played and 21 guns are fired. However, 21 canons aren't actually utilised to fire. Instead, three rounds are fired from the Indian army's 7 cannons, known as "25- Ponders."
- The gun salute is fired simultaneously with the playing of the National Anthem, which is a unique characteristic. At the start of the National Anthem, the first shot is fired, and the last shot is fired 52 seconds later. Built in 1941, these cannons are utilised in all of the army's formal programmes.
- Participants in the parade begin preparing at 2 a.m. and converge at the Rajpath by 3 a.m. The parade's preparations, on the other hand, begin in July of the previous year, when all of the participants are formally informed of their participation. They practice parades at their regimental centres until August, and arrive in Delhi in December. The participants are trained for 600 hours before performing in front of the audience on January 26th.
- A specialised camp near the India Gate houses all of India's tanks, armoured vehicles, and advanced equipment. Usually, the inquiry process for each Cannon, as well as the whitewashing task, is done in ten phases, but it could be different this time.
- Every activity in the parade event on January 26th is methodically organised from start to finish.
- Every member of the army who takes part in the parade is subjected to four stages of inspection. Apart from that, their weapons are thoroughly inspected to ensure that no live bullets are present.
- Judges are stationed along the parade route, rating each marching group on 200 different criteria and awarded the title of "Best Marching Group" based on their findings.
- The "flypast" is the event's most exciting feature. The "flypast," which features around 41 aircraft, is supervised by the Western Airforce Command.