National Education Day 2020: Why We Celebrate On Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Birthday

November 11 is observed as the 'National Education Day' every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who was independent India's first education minister and pioneer of the education system in the country. Azad born on November 11, 1888, and breathed his last on February 22, 1958. His original name was Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad. He was a reformer and acknowledged for his contribution towards the nation-building through education.


The Bharat Ratna recipient is the man behind establishing the IITs along with many key institutes in the country. The first IIT in India (IIT Kharagpur) was set up in 1951 under his tenure. Azad should be credited for setting up of the University Grants Commission (UGC) in 1953 and development of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore. The Sangeet Natak Akademi (1953), Sahitya Akademi (1954) and Lalit Kala Akademi (1954), which promote education and culture was founded by Azad adding a feather to his cap. Explore the importance of National Education Day along with some interesting facts.

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All About National Education Day

When National Education Day Is Celebrated?

On September 11, 2008, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) presently Ministry of Education (MoE) had decided to celebrate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (November 11) as National Education Day.

How National Education Day Is Celebrated?

Schools across the country will observe National Education Day by organising various seminars, workshops and rallies with banners, essay writing competitions, elocution competitions and slogans on the importance of education on November 11. Students can take part in the activities to mark the National Education Day celebration.

National Education Day 2020 Slogan

Students can create a unique and catchy slogan on National Education Day. The slogans should be on the importance of education and the nation's commitment to all aspects of education. The slogans will inspire people to promote education and its awareness in the society.

Top 10 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad QuotesTop 10 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Quotes

National Education Day Significance

Undeniably, education plays a significant role in the overall progress of the nation. National Education Day has great significance because of two reasons - (a) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's birth anniversary and (b) the importance of the education system in the country.

Facts About Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

NameMaulana Abul Kalam Azad
Date of Birth Mecca, now Saudi Arabia
Father's Name Muhammad Khairuddin
Mother's Name Alia Muhammad Khaieuddin
Spouse Zuleikha Begum
Notable Publications Ghubar-e-Khatir, India Wins Freedom
Awards Bharat Ratna
Date of Death22 February 1958
Memorial Abul Kalam Azad tomb, New Delhi, India

List of Institutions Established by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

  • University Grants Commission (UGC)
  • IISc and School of Architecture and Planning
  • Sangeet Natak Academy
  • Sahitya Akademy and Lalit Kala Akademy
  • Indian Institute of Technology
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