On October 15, 1931, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was born. He served as India's 11th President. He served in a variety of capacities besides the President and is remembered for his contributions to the country.
The former president was a nuclear scientist, writer, poet, and educator who excelled in many professions and served the country until his death at the age of 83 on this day in 2015. For his contributions to nuclear science, Kalam was awarded the Bharat Ratna, and he became known as the people's president.
Here are some of the remarkable achievements and facts about Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
- At Pokhran, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam oversaw many nuclear tests. Dr. Kalam served as the then-Prime Minister's Chief Scientific Adviser and also headed the Pokhran-II nuclear testing.
- From July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam oversaw the nuclear tests that turned India into a nuclear power
- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was the head of India's two largest science research agencies, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- Dr. Kalam is credited for developing and operating work of AGNI and PRITHVI - the 'Indigenous Guided Missiles.'
- Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was also called the "Missile Man of India" for his work on AGNI and PRITHVI.
- Dr. Kalam was the driving force behind the development of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV).
- Dr. Kalam was the project director for the development of the indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle at ISRO for more than ten years.
- India's SLV-III successfully launched the Rohini satellite into near-Earth orbit in July 1980, under the direction of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, making India a member of the exclusive space club.
- Dr. Kalam was in charge of initiatives to create India's ballistic missiles. He was the head for the Devil and Valiant ballistic missile development projects, which used the same technology as the successful SLV programme.
- APJ Abdul Kalam made significant contributions to the field of medicine and healthcare. He fought tirelessly to ensure that healthcare was available to everyone. Dr. Kalam collaborated with cardiologist Soma Raju to create the 'Kalam-Raju Stent,' a low-cost coronary stent.