Careers In Geography: What Are The Career Opportunities For Geography Students

By Malavikka

Some people think that only hardcore science or commerce subjects can fetch you a career. What about other subjects that can actually make for a career but are sidelined for want of recognition and openings? Let's take a look at geography, one of the underestimated subjects that have a wide scope and numerous career opportunities. If you are a geo enthusiast, then here are the options you may consider to pursue higher studies and then a job.



Archaeology is the study of historic and prehistoric periods through excavation and analysis of artefacts. Archaeologists use tools, references and technology to perform this analysis to study the characteristics and origin of a place or an object. Archaeology degrees are available in BA and BSc at an undergraduate level. One can pursue a master's and then a PhD to advance in a career in this field.

Petroleum Geology

Petroleum geology deals with the technology of searching and obtaining oil and gas. Geology, geophysics, paleontology and ocean science are some of the studies involved in petroleum geology. A BTech in petroleum engineering is the best degree to start your career as a petroleum geologist.

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Cartography is the study of maps. Although there already exist maps of India and the world, new places are discovered and new changes are made with the partition and combining of states/countries. A cartographer's role is to draw map accurately and it is not as easy as it sounds because the demand for accuracy involves being meticulous. Abroad, there are exclusive bachelor's and master's degrees in cartography. In India, one could opt for a master's or a PhD after an undergraduate degree in geography.

Soil Science

Soil Science is the study of various types of soils for research purposes. The physical, chemical and biological properties of soils are studied by the soil scientists for both building as well as plantation. Soil is deported for making various sites such as parks, roads, buildings and agricultural lands. Its fertility and properties matter vitally in these tasks.


Paleontology is the study of fossils. Fossils refer to the decayed or decomposed parts of living beings, such as humans, animals and plants. The remains are used to study the age of the dead and the times when they existed. This interesting branch of geography is employed even in criminology and other fields. Premium universities in Europe offer degrees in paleontology.

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Geophysics is the physics (arithmetic and applications) of the earth. The study is done through magnetic, electrical, gravitational and seismic techniques. An undergraduate degree in geology, physics or mathematics along with a masters in geophysics can help you start a career in the same field. Sound knowledge of computer applications will be an added advantage for your career prospects.


Volcanology is the study of volcanoes and their characteristics. This study helps in determining where and how lava is formed, volcanic eruptions and the precautions to take in a volcano-prone area. Understanding the volcanic properties, predicting the eruption and broadcasting them to the public is the key role of a professional. An undergraduate degree in geology, mathematics or meteorology along with a PhD in volcanology will help you establish a spot in this career. Strong communication skills is an added advantage.


Seismology is the study of earth's tectonic plates. This study helps in understanding earthquakes, their occurrence and prevention methods. Seismologists measure the ritters and warn the public of an impending quake. An undergraduate degree in civil engineering, geology or mathematics along with a master's in seismology can help you become a seismologist.


Hydrology is the study of water and ocean science. Hydrologists help in creating waterbodies and the treatment of water. An undergraduate degree in biology and then a master's degree in hydrology can help you get started in this career.

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Meteorology is the study of the weather conditions that help in predictions and analysis. A meteorologist's prime duty is weather forecast by gauging the effect of wind and climatic changes. A keen interest in geography can lead you into this career. An undergraduate degree in maths or geography can help you get started with a career in this area.


Mineralogy deals with the study of minerals. Mineral study is pursued to understand the properties and effects of minerals for various purposes such as health, construction and designing of buildings. Minerals include every concrete substance from kidney stone to gold and diamond.

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