Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated every year widely across India on April 14 to mark the birth anniversary of the 'Father of the Indian Constitution.' Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was best known for his struggle against untouchability in Indian Society. He was one of the social reformers, economists, politicians, thinkers, and the first Law Minister of Independent India. Babasaheb, who was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh stood for the rights of Dalits, women and labour, and fought against social discrimination.
This year, we are celebrating Ambedkar's 130th birth anniversary. Here are some interesting facts about B R Ambedkar.
- Dr B R Ambedkar completed his studies from the Universities in the US, UK, and Germany. He obtained a degree in Economics and Political Science from Bombay University and did his Masters at Columbia University, New York. Later he took training as a lawyer in London.
- In 1936, Ambedkar returned to India and wrote his magnum opus 'Annihilation of Caste', during the Independence movement.
- Babasaheb had a personal library called "Rajgirh" which had more than 50,000 books and it was known to be the world's largest private library.
- Ambedkar lead a committed struggle against discrimination and spoke strongly against Manusmriti for justifying caste discrimination and untouchability.
- He took part in framing the Indian Constitution after becoming the Law Minister and also played a critical role in forming the Reserve Bank of India.
- In 1956, Ambedkar and his wife converted to Buddhism along with around 200,000 fellow Dalits, at a ceremony in Nagpur.
- Dr B R Ambedkar posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 1990.