Exam

Exam

GATE: ARCHITECTURE and PLANNING Syllabus

AR Architecture and Planning

Section 1: Architecture and Design

Visual composition in 2D and 3D; Principles of Art and Architecture; Organization of

space; Architectural Graphics; Computer Graphics– concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D

modeling and Architectural rendition; Programming languages and automation.

Anthropometrics; Planning and design considerations for different building types;

Site planning; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Barrier free design; Space

Standards; Building Codes; National Building Code.

Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of

Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional

architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of

modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post

Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; Recent trends in Contemporary

Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.

Section 2: Building Materials, Construction and Management

Behavioral characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud,

timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers,

composites.

Building construction techniques, methods and details; Building systems and

prefabrication of building elements; Principles of Modular Coordination; Estimation,

specification, valuation, professional practice; Construction planning and

equipments; Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.

Section 3: Building and Structures

Principles of strength of materials; Design of structural elements in wood, steel and

RCC; Elastic and Limit State design; Structural systems in RCC and Steel; Form and

Structure; Principles of Pre-stressing; High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and

lateral load resisting systems; Principles and design of disaster resistant structures.

Section 4: Environmental Planning and Design

Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystem; Ecological principles; Concepts of

Environmental Impact Analysis; Environmental considerations in planning and

design; Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement; Principles of lighting and

illumination; Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; Principles of architectural

acoustics; Green Building- Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance

Simulation and Evaluation; Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls and

abatement strategies.

Section 5: Urban Design

Concepts and theories of urban design; Public Perception; Townscape; Public

Realm; Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation;

Historical and modern examples of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial

qualities and Sense of Place; Elements of urban built environment – urban form,

spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc; Principles, tools and techniques

of urban design; Urban renewal and conservation; Site planning; Landscape

design; Development controls – FAR, densities and building byelaws.

Section 6: Urban Planning and Housing

Planning process; Types of plans - Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure

Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan; Salient

concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; Sustainable urban

development; Emerging concepts of cities - Eco-City, Smart City, Transit Oriented

Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.

Housing; Concepts, principles and examples of neighbourhood; Housing typologies;

Slums; Affordable Housing; Housing for special areas and needs; Residential

densities; Standards for housing and community facilities; National Housing Policies,

Programs and Schemes.

Section 7: Planning Techniques and Management

Tools and techniques of Surveys – Physical, Topographical, Landuse and Socio-
economic Surveys; Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis; Graphic

presentation of spatial data; Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in

urban and regional planning; Decision support system and Land Information

System.

Urban Economics; Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning;

Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis; Techniques of financial

appraisal; Management of Infrastructure Projects; Development guidelines such as

URDPFI; Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.;

Local self-governance.

Section 8: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation

Building Services: Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary fittings

and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system;

Principles of electrification of buildings; Intelligent Buildings; Elevators and Escalators

- standards and uses; Air-Conditioning systems; Firefighting Systems; Building Safety

and Security systems.

Urban Infrastructure – Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid

Waste Management, Electricity and Communications.

Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road

capacity; Traffic survey methods; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and

design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land-use – transportation -

urban form inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and

parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport

management and control in urban areas,; Mass transportation planning; Para-
transits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic

planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Principles of water supply and sanitation systems; water treatment; Water supply

and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of

storm water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods; Methods of solid waste

management - collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of

solid waste; Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and

guidelines.

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