In the past few decades, a career option that has taken the country by storm is Engineering. A generation of students have invested their time in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Huge books were studied, in and out. The moment a student opted for science stream in their class 11, relatives, friends and random people would loom around them asking the same one phrased question "Engineering?"
Today, we see a decline in the number of students who are taking up this field, because of saturation. People don't go further than Civil, Electrical, Mechanical or Software engineering. Though there are many other options within the field of engineering, less awareness about the same results in the students going for something that is very common.
Here we have the top 5 unconventional opportunities in Engineering:
Space Engineering is the field of science that deals with astrophysics, astronomy, space exploration and types of equipment that are involved with spaceflight. In simple terms, space engineering involves an understanding of how things work in he space, carrying out missions where a spacecraft is sent into space and exploring more of it.
How to become a Space Engineer?
- Take up a Bachelors course in Space Science or Space Engineering- B.Sc or BTech
- Get a Masters in any area of specialization in space sciences.
- Acquire a Ph.D - which is a must for all scientist who deal with Space research.
Top Institutes providing a course in Space Engineering
- Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT), Mumbai
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IIT), Kanpur
- Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi
- Defence Institute of Advanced Technology(DIAT/IAT), Pune
The process of extracting minerals and converting them into the forms that can be used by humans is called mining. Creating and using engines, machines, and tools for the purpose of mining, comes under the field of Mine Engineering. It involves exploration of mines, budgeting and feasibility studies, planning the design of the mines and its execution, production, operation and closure of the mines.
How to become a Mining Engineer?
- Take up four-year bachelor's course, which can be a B.E. or a B. Tech in Mining Engineering.
- The Masters course or M. Tech in Mining Engineering will take two years and the aspirant can continue studying and researching.
- A three-year diploma course in the mining and mine surveying can be taken up by those who have qualified their 10 board examination.
Top Institutes providing a course in Mine Engineering
- Indian Institute of Technology at Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
- Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
- Government Engineering College, Gujarat
Photonics is the physical science of light or photon. The generation, control, and detection of photon particles come under this area of study. The relevance of Photonics have grown because of the need of light in the various aspects of communications, imaging, health care and medicine, defense, optics and electronics,homeland security, aerospace, solid state lighting and many other areas.
How to become a Photonics Engineer?
- One can get a B. Tech or BE and continue for specialization in Photonics in their masters.
- Following the completion of the undergraduate program, one must take up their Masters or Post-graduate program and specialize in the field of Photonics.
- Several institutes offer a Bachelor of Science program in Photonics, after which one can follow the Master of Science in Photonics course
Top Institutes providing a course in Photonics
- IIT Kanpur
- IIT Madras, Chennai
- The National Institute of Technology, Calicut,
- The Cochin University of Science and Technology (Cusat)
- The National Centre for Ultrafast Processes, Taramani Campus
Hydraulic engineering is a sub-discipline of Civil Engineering. It deals with the flow of fluid, typically water and sewage conduits and uses the force of gravity for the movement of the same. It is used extensively in the construction of dams, bridges, canal, sewers etc. Hydraulic engineering uses fluid mechanics as its foundation, to deal with problems of collection, storage, segregation, measurement, transport, control and use of water.
How to become a Hydraulics Engineer?
- One has to take up a Bachelors in Civil Engineering. Several institutes provide a specialization in Hydraulics in undergraduate level, but these are mostly available abroad.
- A Master degree is required in the field of hydraulics.
- The aspirant can continue their studies in the field of hydraulics and get their post-doctoral degree and continue with research.
Top Institutes providing a course Hydraulic Engineering
- IIT Madras
- NIT Karnataka
- Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences - SHIATS, Uttar Pradesh
- SASTRA University, Tamil Nadu
- SRM University, Kattankulathur
Paper-Pulp Engineering is the area of engineering that deals converting raw materials into paper products. It deals with the thermal, chemical and biochemical process that are used to design and produce the paper. The processes result in the making of paper, cardboard, and other paper oriented materials and have a close relation with the forestry department, recycling of paper and paper-based waste material and mass production of paper for mass media channels like newspaper and magazines.
How to become a Paper-pulp Engineer?
- One must apply for an undergraduate program, which can be bachelors in engineering.
- Following the bachelors program, you can go for a masters program in engineering with paper engineering as a specialization.
- Those who are interested in continuing their studies and want o focus on research can follow up to get a post-doctoral degree.
Top Institutes providing a course in Paper-Pulp Engineering
- IIT Roorkee
- Central Pulp and Paper Institute, Uttar Pradesh
Engineering is a vast area with many opportunities. Pure passion and dedication can an aspirant of engineering and technology to great heights.