The primary job profile of any teacher or educator is to enhance the student's ability to learn and help them analyse and retain information, purposefully. Classroom is not meant for teachers to just dump information into their students! It is rather meant to facilitate students to work on their information retention power.
Students learn faster in their active learning phase by doing things practically in the form of hearing, reading, writing, practicing and working on what they've learnt. In any subject, it becomes essential to help them own their responsibility from their childhood days.
While you provide much information to your students, allow them to understand and digest it. Upgrade your students to work in greater independence, than drawing their dependancy on you for everything.
In order to assist you to bring back that fundamental teaching trait, and to put your teaching efforts to nothing less than the effective approach, here are few methods.
Avoid assigning specific assignments or problems to each student on a daily basis. Allow the students to pick the problem by themselves, analyse the type of problem it could be, and apply a suitable method to crack it and come up with a solution.
Teach students to view problems as opportunities. Train them to identify the nature of the problem. Provide simple workable tips. Let them find out what works and what doesn't. It is alright if they make mistakes. Assist them to see where they went wrong or where they need improvement. Encourage them to think what the assignment is all about.
Investigate the "mental template" that they have internalised by observation, and improvise it on a day-to-day basis. Perhaps, one-on-one sessions would facilitate you to learn about their understanding of the subject. Invest quality time in learning each student's intellectual capability and supply information accordingly. Push them to think for themselves by being logical and reasonable in their approach towards the task; to be creative, and pro-active.
Talking about information, there are two basic ways of dealing with it. One is to listen, mug up and to replicate the solution, without deeper understanding of the matter. Another way is to evaluate and understand it thoroughly. When you teach students to break the information into key components and to evaluate it, there would be a greater level of interest that a learner may show in gaining the knowledge on the subject. It increases their ability to approach and resolve the problem with effectiveness.
Although there could be levels of creative thinking and skills in an unequal measure, team work could do the trick sometime. Ask the students to put down their difference of opinions in the form of an essay. They may begin with what they know, by gathering information, defining concepts, clarifying the nature of the problem, brainstorming to consider multiple options, resolving the problem, and reviewing the progress. Challenge students to find better ways of doing the same problem, if possible.
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