While there is an overall slowdown in the job market, the maximum numbers of high-end white collar vacancies being filled up at this point of time are in the area of academics-schools and colleges, followed by healthcare and engineers required in the infrastructure projects, an ASSOCHAM survey has shown.
The survey shows that almost 50 per cent of the jobs being advertised in newspapers relate to the academics, although the trend may stay short-term since the teaching jobs are mostly filled at the end of academic sessions, so that the schools and colleges re-open for the new sessions with full strength of the faculty.
It showed that while the campus placements by the IT companies, one of the largest employers of the white collar workforce, have remained confined largely to the top-rung institutions, B.Tech pass-outs in majority of the private colleges are hunting desperately for openings.
"The supply has certainly exceeded demand in so far as the line of B.Tech -I.T or Computer Science is concerned. The mushrooming growth of the private colleges in every nook and corner of the country has added to the supply-line while the general economic slowdown has impacted the intake. Moreover, students followed the herd pattern while seeking admissions - with 65 -70 per cent of them opting for these disciplines with the result that there is an over-supply while the quality of the products remains an area of concern," the paper noted. Similar is the situation the MBA pass- outs.
Vacancies for filling healthcare jobs are being seen more often now. Most of the jobs on offer are for sales and marketing in the pharmaceutical companies which are also filling few vacancies in the area of research, though in small number. But, the number is significant in the service delivery of healthcare - in hospitals, polyclinics, diagnostic centres etc.
Though the infrastructure sector has been passing through severe slowdown, some green shoots seem visible, purely going by the number of job openings seen in the newspapers. "Some projects in ports and airports seem to be looking up and the employment opportunities look visible," the ASSOCHAM paper noted. However, the jobs are still far and few in infrastructure.
"The infrastructure is one area where a large number of jobs can be created, provided the projects take off. The multiplier will then be seen in higher employment in steel, cement, road-building, construction..with a clear bias for the civil engineers," the chamber Secretary General Mr D S Rawat said.
He said even if companies in infrastructure have orders in hand, they are not confident enough to go in for fresh hiring unless a clear positive trend-line emerges. There are no jobs visible in construction sector like the real estate, telecom, non-banking finance companies, stock broking firms etc. These sectors used to once dominate the hiring calendars.
In the academics, private schools are advertising more than the colleges at this point of time since the academic session for the schools begin in April, whereas for the colleges it would be in July-August. The trend would reverse for the higher education institutions after a couple of months. For most of the academics in the colleges, the Phds or the Net qualification is required while for schools, post-graduation and the B.Eds or M.Eds in specialised subjects are required.
In terms of regions, the western and southern regions remain on top followed by north in academics while for the healthcare , new job spots are visible even in eastern India and in states like Bihar. The jobs for the NGOs and the multilateral organisations are well-spread out with more emphasis in less developed states in the eastern region.
The paper said, the overall job scenario for the white collar remains unenthusiastic with the corporates not making fresh investment. The situation is not likely to change much at least till general elections and the economic cycle is not likely to look up before the second quarter of the fiscal, 2014-15.