The FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduates Examination) is also known as Medical Council of India Screening Test. It is an examination conducted by the National Board of Examination (NBE) which is a licensure examination to practice medicine in India.
FMGE is one of the mandatory requirements for an Indian citizen who has a medical degree from a foreign country to practice medicine in the country.
The FMGE-Screening Test has been introduced through the Screening Test Regulations 2002.
As per the regulations, any Indian citizen who has obtained a primary medical education by any medical institution outside India and who desires to get a provisional or permanent registration with the MCI or any State Medical Council should qualify this test.
This examination is held twice a year, in the months of June and December. The pass percentage in this examination is observed to be just 10% - 20% with an average of 12%. This indicates the quality difference in medical education between India and other countries like China and Russia.
A medical degree from India is well recognised and is considered to be equivalent to international standards. This in fact could be a reason why medical graduates from China and Russia tend to fail to clear this examination, while students from European countries, America and Canada do pass. These countries are known for the high quality of medical education in the world.